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Minutes of the 14 September 2003 Meeting

[Note: These submissions appear on the Feb 04 LoAR]

Notes and Announcements

In attendance were: Jeanne Marie Crescent, Lachlan Dolphin, Su Battlement, Selene Aurum, Thomas Brownwell, Balthazar van der Bruges, Dave, Cei Myghchaell Wellinton, Hrorek Chevron, Steffan von Ostdorf, Kurt Sommelier; Kean Trident, Honor Silver Trumpet, Angus Seraph, Jonathan Drake of Skye, Giovanna di Milano, Cormac Mór, Christopher Golden Rose, and Skara Skye.

The next heraldry meetings will be: October 19th, November 2nd, and December 14th.

E-mail Lists: All heralds are strongly encouraged to sign up for the caid_heralds list. This is a very low volume list, mostly official issues (e.g., reminders of meeting dates, news of policy changes, etc.). This list is also used by heralds requesting help with submissions, but not frequently -- most of these queries seem to go to scahrlds. There is a new list -- caid_comments -- for those interested in commenting for the CoA. To sign up, visit http://www.castle.org/mailman/listinfo/caid_comment.

All warrants for territorial and "at large" heralds will expire at this month. Crescent requires an Agreement to Serve and a photocopy of each herald's membership card by Crown Tourney, or their warrant will not be renewed.

Crescent thanks the College of Heralds for being very thorough in sending summaries before the meeting. Of the 58 submissions considered, 56 were sent in ahead of the meeting. E-mail submission summaries to Jeanne Marie () prior to each CoH meeting. For names, this means a summary of the documentation and of the boxes marked on the form. For armory, this means a blazon. Sending the names only is of minimal help. Folders will be pulled (or created) prior to the meeting for all submissions that are sent to Jeanne Marie.

Changes in the College: Selene has stepped down as Sable Fret Pursuivant. She has been granted the title Aurum Pursuivant as she continues her duties to the CoH as notification herald. Christopher Leyland D'Eyencourt (Golden Rose) has resumed the duties as Keeper of the Order of Precedence to lighten Crescent's workload some. We are still seeking a permanent OP herald. If interested, please contact Crescent. Also, Miguel is stepping down as Bellows at Crown Tourney. If interested in this post, please submit a letter of intent to serve to Crescent.

Upcoming Events:

  • Crown is next week and Crescent has received surprisingly few items of business for court. Please inform Crescent of business for Court prior to all Kingdom events.
  • Collegium will occur in two weeks time. A number of classes on heraldic topics will be taught, as well as a consultation table and scriptorium.
  • Selene is War Herald for GWW in October. There will be a consulting table at the war. In addition, Town Criers are needed.

Jeanne Marie has acquired a volume on "Cornish Names" published in 1926. While this is her personal property, the CoH may of course make use of it at meetings. It will only show up at consultation tables if requested, as it is in fragile condition. This volume includes many dated examples of names from Cornwall and appears to be a useful source.

Submissions from three consultation tables are included here: Pennsic (*), Potrero (†), and the kingdom consult table at Angels Anniversary (‡).

Approved submissions will be forwarded to Laurel on the October 6, 2003 Letter of Intent


Altavia, Barony of

*Giovanna Luigia di Milano - New Badge:
Per bend purpure and gules.

Her name was registered January 1991 via the East.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


*Giovanna Luigia di Milano - New Badge:
(Fieldless) A dragon per bend purpure and gules.

Her name was registered January 1991 via the East.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Helgi hrafnfæðir - Laurel Resub Device:
Sable, on a fess gules fimbriated between four bars humetty, a roundel between two ravens respectant Or.

His name was registered September 2002. His previous submission, Sable, in fess a roundel between two ravens respectant all between two bars couped Or, was returned on the LoAR of January 2003 for the appearance of so-called "slot-machine heraldry": the roundel, birds and bars were seen to be a single charge group. This resubmission, by making the roundel and birds obvious tertiary charges, removes the problem.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angels, Barony of

Angelique Coeurdeverre - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name authentic for 14th-15th century French/Burgundian but has not marked the box requesting changes for authenticity. The submitter will accept minor but not major changes, and if the name must be changed, cares most about meaning (Angelique of the Heart of Glass).

Angelique is found in Aryanhwy's "Jewish Given Names Found in Les Noms Des Israélites en France." (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/levy/index.html) which dates Angélique à Mâcon et Ailleurs to the 13th c. Aryanhwy notes that accents were not used in medieval French names. We note the precedent that states "This is being returned for lack of documentation. While it is true, as the LoI states, that Angelique is found Withycombe, it is not dated to our period. Without such documentation the name must be returned. (Jaelle of Armida, LoAR March 1999, p. 10)"; however this no longer holds true. The submitter notes that Angeli may be used, but she prefers Angelique. Angeli is in Dauzat p. 9, under Ange.

No documentation was provided for the surname or its derivation. Dauzat lists several names under Coeur on p. 139 including Coeurdacier, from "coeur d'acier" = "heart of steel". We have generalized to the same form for the submitter: Coeurdeverre = "coeur de verre" = "heart of glass".

Submitted as Angelique du Coeur Verre we have change the name to a form analogous to a documented name, Angelique Coeurdeverre.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Bridget Lucia Mackenzie - Transfer of badge to Society for Creative Anachronism:
Per pale purpure and argent, two swords in saltire and in chief two roundels counterchanged.

The badge was registered April 2002. The badge is to be used for Boffers and Youth Combat. The appropriate letter of transfer is included.

Forwarded to Laurel.


Galen Sewell - New Name and Device:
Azure, a griffin contourny and in chief two mullets of eight points all between flaunches argent.

The submitter will accept no changes. No other boxes are checked.

Galen is cited based on the February 1998 LoAR:

Some questions were raised as to how well known a classical Greek physician would be in medieval Scotland. Writings by Galen or attributed to him formed much of the basis of the medieval medical literature (Siraisi, Medieval and Early Renaissance Medicine: An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice, pp. 6, 10, 71-72, etc). Even very late in period, Galen was so familiar to the popular audience that Shakespeare used his name as a shorthand tag to denote a doctor (Merry Wives of Windsor, Act II, Scene 3). [Galen Stuart, 02/98, A-Middle]

Sewell is the submitter's legal last name. The submission was accepted at a kingdom consult table; no photocopier was available. As specified in precedent (qv. Katja Gaussdottír of Storvik, 12/01, A-Atlantia), we note the following: Legal name: Jason Robert Sewell; ID shown: current active duty Navy ID; ID seen and verified by Jeanne Marie Crescent and Angus Seraph. In addition, Reaney and Wilson (s.n. Sewell, p. 402) while not dating this particular spelling do have Hernicus filius Sewal' (1221), Richard Suuel (1212), John Sewale (1277), Richard Suel (1297), de Seuewll' (1193), de Siwell' (1196), de Siwelle (1200), and de Seuewell' (1222). Ekwall (s.n. Sewell, p. 413) dates Sewelle to the Domesday Book and Seuewell to 1193.

The submitter is advised to draw the mullets larger.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Ysabeau Anais Roussot du Lioncourt - New Household Name Chateau Flammel, New Household Badge:
[Fieldless] On a pellet environed of a crowned ouroboros Or, a flame proper.

The submitter's name was registered by Laurel in March 1989. She will not accept major changes to the household name.

Chateau is the French word for "Mansion", and is an SCA-compatible household designator, for example: Chateau La Rousse (household name registered to Genevieve LaRousse 8/91 via Trimaris).

Flammel is an alternate spelling of Flamel, the name of a French philosopher (b. 1330, d. 1418). The submitter supplied three photocopies to document the use of the name. The first is Through Alchemy to Chemistry (John Read, G. Bell & Sons Ltd, 1957). On page 47 he refers to a small work ascribed to Nicholas Flamel, published in 1624, and titled Nicholas Flammel, His Exposition of the Heiroglyphicall Figures.... The second is a webpage with a transcription of "The Testament of Nicolas Flamel" (http://www.alchemylab.com/flameltestament.htm). The transcription starts with:

I Nicholas Flamel, a scribener of Paris, in the year 1414, in the reign of our Gracious Prince Charlse VI, whome god preserve;...

and ends with:

Thou hast now the treasure of all worldly felicity, which I a poor country clown of Pointoise did accomplish three times in Paris, in my house, in the street des Ecrivains, near the chapel of St. Jacques de la Boucherie, and which I Flammel give thee, for the love I bear thee, to the honour of God, for His glory, for the praise of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Amen.

Note the use of the two spellings in the same document, written "in the hand of Nicolas Flamel".

The third is a webpage from Kissinger Publishing (http://www.kessingerpub.com/searchresults_orderthebook.lasso?Author=Flammel,%20Nicholas&Submit=Query). They list an entry for Flammel for his book "Heiroglyphical Figures: Concerning both the Theory and Practice of the Philosopher's Stone", and use the spelling Nicholas Flammel.

Flammel is not listed in Dauzat or in Reanet & Wilson.

The badge has several problems. Our primary concern is that the creature has a crown, which the badge's owner is not entitled to. Thus it must be returned according to RfS XI.1. Laurel has ruled " ... this badge uses a plain line charged roundel on a fieldless badge, a practice that has been disallowed since Baldwin of Erebor's tenure as Laurel. [Aneala, Barony of, 07/99, R-Lochac]". More recently Laurel has ruled:

[(Fieldless) On a delf gules a lozenge argent] To quote Baron Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme, as Laurel, on the subject of fieldless badges:
Fieldless badges consisting only of forms of armorial display, such as escutcheons, lozenges and delfs, are not acceptable since in use the shield shape does not appear to be a charge, but rather the field itself. This presents an entirely different armory for view. (LoAR 9/93 p.25)
As Palimpsest notes, For any who question the interpretation of a delf as a mode of armorial display, note that in Carlisle Herald's visitation of London in 1530 are found numerous references to defacing or removing 'Skochines, Squares, and Losenges wrongfully eusid'. [Rycharde de Bruce the Fowler, 11/01, R-Artemisia]

This has the appearance of Sable, a flame proper within a bordure Or. Admittedly, a strange bordure, but a bordure nonetheless. This would be sufficient grounds to return the badge even without the problem of the crown. We have not conflict checked this badge.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel. Badge returned for presumption.


Calafia, Barony of

Adelicia of Caithness - New Device:
Argent ermined vert, a brown beaver sejant erect proper sustaining a threaded needle sable.

Her name was registered in December 2001.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Einarr Tryggvason - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He will accept all changes, and if the name must be changed he cares most about the sound.

Einarr is in Geirr Bassi on p. 9.

Tryggvason is the patronymic formed from Tryggvi (Geirr Bassi p. 15) as shown on p. 17. We note that the submitter is the son of Tryggvi Halftrollson.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Gaukr mjöksiglandi - New Name and Device:
Tierced per pall azure, gules, and vert, an annulet between in pall inverted a Viking longship, a drakar's prow and a wolf's head erased ululant to sinister Or.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He is interested in a name authentic for "700-900 Viking" but has not checked the box to request changes for authenticity. The submitter will accept all changes and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the language/culture (presumably Norse).

The submitter claims that Gaurik is derived from Gaukr (which is found in Geirr Bassi on p.10) but provides no evidence. He states that he will accept Gaukr if no evidence can be found for Gaurik. As we have not been successful in finding any source to document the proposed name, we have changed it to the acceptable alternate form.

mjöksiglandi is in Geirr Bassi p.26, meaning "much sailing, far-traveling." Submitted as Mjöksiglandi we have placed the byname is lower case as required by Pelican.

Submitted as Gaurik Mjöksiglandi we have change the given name to a documented form and lower cased the byname, Gaukr mjöksiglandi.

The device is being returned for multiple reasons. It violates RfS VIII.2.b(v) which states "Elements evenly divided in three tinctures must have good contrast between two of their parts." The secondary charge group violates RfS VIII.1.a ("slot machine heraldry"). This is not a correctly drawn per pall field division. The lines of division should emanate from the upper corners of the shield. Also, it is colored with colored pencils, rendering the tinctures difficult to recognize. If the submitter desires a "horse's head," he is advised to draw it in a more heraldically recognizable form. The device was not conflict checked.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for style problems.


John Metzger - New Name.

The submitter checked no boxes whatsoever.

John is in Bahlow (p. 278). It is the header but undated in this form. Withycombe (s.n. John pp 178-179) states "Though John was a fairly common English name in the 12-15th C...". English/German is a weirdness (q.v. Lillian von Wolfsberg, 11/01) but registerable. As the submitter makes no request for authenticity we are forwarding this as John rather than the German Johannes or Hans.

Metzger is also in Bahlow (p. 365), also the header, and is dated to 1258 in this form, and means "butcher". Because this is an occupational byname and we have not found it documented with the locative preposition attached, the "von" is inappropriate and we are removing it.

Submitted as John Von Metzger we have dropped the locative proposition giving John Metzger.

Name approved changed and forward to Laurel.


Laurel Douthwaite - New Name and Device:
Per bend dancetty azure and argent, a dove voillant argent and a rose purpure.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name authentic for 14th century Saxon/English. She will accept all changes, and if the name must be changed, is most interested in the language/culture (She notes "Laurel: a plant. Douthwaite: has to do with a dove").

Laurel is in Dauzat (s.n. Laur, p. 372); however there is no indication that this is a given name. Hanks and Hodges in A Concise Dictionary of First Names (s.n. Laurel, p. 133) indicate that it is a 19th c. adoption. In Da'ud's tenure it was ruled "Laurel has not been shown to be period, but it is her modern given name. As a given name it is no more presumptuous than Rose, which we have registered many times (and as recently as 6/95): the names of Society orders are neither titles nor styles of address. (Talan Gwynek, LoAR November 1995, p. 10)". If documentation is found for Laurel as a given name, it can be sent forward.

Douthwaite is in Reaney&Wilson p.140. It is the header spelling but undated in this form. Doventhuayt is dated to 1332, and Dowthwayt is dated to 1540.

The dancetty line is drawn incorrectly. It should start from the upper right-hand corner of the shield. The submitter is advised to draw the dove larger. The device was not checked for conflict.

Name returned for lack of documentation. Device returned for redraw and lack of name.


Levana Nicolette de Lyon - New Name and Device:
Quarterly gules semy of cinquefoils argent and sable, a winged lion sejant contourny Or.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. No other boxes are checked.

Levana is the submitter's legal given name, as shown on her driver's license (copy included).

Nicolette is found in Dauzat noms et prénoms (s.n. Nicolas, pp. 450-451) where it is listed as a 12th c. diminutive of the feminine given name Nicole.

de Lyon is a locative. Dauzat (s.n.Lyon, p. 401) notes "originaire de Lyon". The top of the form had De Lyon while the documentation section had de Lyon. We have change the locative to de Lyon to match the standard form. Surprisingly, we could find no direct documentation for this locative, other than the Dauzat citation above. Reaney and Wilson (s.n. Lyon, p. 289) have Henry de Lyons (1296). They note "As early forms of the surname, which is not uncommon, invariably end in -s, this must be from Lyons-la-Forêt (Eure) and not from the better-known Lyons, earlier Lugudunum, Fr Lyon." We note that Danyel Vendredi de Lyon was registered February 2001 without comment and ask the College's help in documenting this form of the locative.

Submitted as Levana Nicolette De Lyon we have changed the preposition to the standard lower case, Levana Nicolette de Lyon.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Margaret Plantagenêt - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name and will accept no changes. She has checked no other boxes.

Margaret is in Dauzat p.416 under Margarite.

Plantagenêt is in Dauzat p. 488 as the header spelling. No dates, of course. While the submitter thinks there were no famous Platagenets named Margaret, a Google search by Kean Trident found a duchess of Norfolk and a countess of Salisbury. There is not a separate entry for Margaret Plantagenet in the on-line Encyclopedia Britannica. Crescent was unable to find a precedent declaring that the use of Plantagenet in and of itself to be presumptuous. The fact that Plantagenet does not appear in Reaney and Wilson or in Dauzat however seems to support the fact that only members of the ruling family used this name.

We believe that the submitter should have the choice of whether to send this up for Pelican's decision, though we believe that it will be returned for presumption. On the other hand if the submitter can find the name being used by other than members of the ruling family, the name may be registerable.

Name returned for presumption.


Marisse vanden Berghe - Kingdom Resub Device:
Per bend sable and barry wavy argent and azure, a pegasus salient argent.

Her name appears on Caid's August 26th LoI. This same submission was returned by Crescent in August 2003 for conflict with Arianwen of Urquart, Vert, a horned pegasus salient argent, armed and unguled purpure. A letter of permission to conflict is included.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Matheus le Vaus - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. The form indicated that he would not accept any changes, but if the name must be changed he cared most about the language/culture (1100AD Norman). As the form was not clearly marked, we contacted the submitter to clarify, to which he replied, "I do not mind drastic changes to the name as long as it passes and I would like to keep it as Norman as I possibly can."

Matheus is in Withycombe (p. 213) under Matthew, dated in this spelling to 1273.

le Vaus is in Reaney & Wilson (p. 465) under Vaus, dated in this spelling to 1275.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Murchadh Garrioch - New Name and Device:
Per saltire azure and vert, in pale a Celtic cross and a ship reversed Or sailed argent.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name authentic for 12th-14th century Scots-Gaelic. He will accept minor but not major changes, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the language/culture.

Murchad is in Ó Corráin & Maguire p.142, as the header spelling, dated to 727 ff. The authors indicate that it has continued to be popular since.

Garrioch is in Black p. 288, as the second header spelling after Garioch. It is dated in this spelling to 1570.

Submitted as Murchad Garrioch the given name is Gaelic, the surname is Scots. The combination of Gaelic and Scots is considered registerable but a weirdness (q.v. Elspeth O'Shea, 02/00). As submitted, there is a second weirdness for temporal disparity. We have thus changed the given name to the later form of the name (Murchadh). Murchadh Garrioch should have a single weirdness for the Gaelic-Scots combination.

Name approved as changed and forwarded. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Rannveig sundafyllir - New Name Change from Megwynne Seonaid of Loch Lomand and New Device Change:
Azure, a natural seahorse and in chief three escallops inverted argent.

Her current name was registered June 1988. The new name will be her primary name. If this name is registered, she wishes to release the name Megwynne Seonaid of Loch Lomand. She would prefer a feminine name, and has checked no other boxes. If the device passes, she wishes to release her old device, Vert, a sprig of heather within a bordure wavy argent.

Rannveig is in Geirr Bassi p.14.

sundafyllir is in Geirr Bassi p.28 meaning "sound-filler, able to fill a bay with fish by magic".

The name was submitted as Rannveig Sundafyllir. We have changed the capitalization to match current precedent.

The submitter is advised to draw the escallops with some internal detailing to make them more identifiable.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Ruzbihan al-Junayd al-Razi - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine Arabic name. The submitter will accept all changes and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the meaning ("warrior" and "the contented").

Junaid is in Da'ud ibn Auda's Arabic Naming Practices, KWHS, AS XXII p.46, meaning Warrior. That article has been updated. al-Junayd (the army) is found in "Period Arabic Names And Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm) as a masculine cognomen used as an ism.

Ruzbihan was the given name of a 13th C Persian mystic: see "The Unveiling of Secrets: Diary of a Sufi Master" By Ruzbihan Baqli, Translated by Carl W. Ernst (see http://www.parvardigarpress.com/secrets.html). It was also the given name of a 16th C illuminator (see http://www.cyberegypt.com/quraan/copyist.htm).

al-Razi is listed in Da'ud's article (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm). This will be pronounced as ar-Razi (the submitted form). Da'ud notes "A brief note on the pronunciation of some laqabs and nisbas: the "l" in al- is elided and the first letter of the following word is substituted for the following consonants: d (ad-Duri), n (an-Najmi), r (ar-Razi), s (as-Salar), sh (ash-Shanfara), t (at-Tayyib), th (ath-Thaqafi), and z (az-Zubair). These are, however, generally still written as al-; only the pronunciation is changed."

Submitted as Junaid Ruzbihan ar-Razi we have change this to a form that we believe is registerable, Ruzbihan al-Junayd al-Razi. Based on the submitter's instructions, if one part of the name must be dropped, we believe (but have not confirmed) that he would prefer the form al-Junayd al-Razi. We ask the College's help (particularly al-Jamal's) in finding a registerable form of this name.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Sabatino Galante - Kingdom Resub Device:
Lozengy Or and sable, a pale gules and overall a reremouse argent.

The submitter's name was registered January 2001. The form lists the action as a Laurel resubmission when in fact a device with the same blazon was returned by Crescent in September 2002 for redraw.

The forms are from Atenveldt, not Caid. While Laurel and Wreath would have accepted the submission on the Atenveldt form, the form submitted was not the standard Aten form -- the shield is a non-standard shape and must be returned. Please advise the submitter to use Caidan forms in the future.

Device returned for using a non-standard shield shape.


Svarðkell inn bíldr - New Name and Device:
Per pale sable and vert, in saltire two battle-axes and in base a double-headed anvil argent.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He is not interested in authenticity. He will accept all changes, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the meaning ("ax" or "the axe").

Svarðkell is in Geirr Bassi p.15.

inn is the masculine article "the" according to Geirr Bassi p.19.

bíldr is in Geirr Bassi p.20, meaning "ax, ax-blade." If "inn bíldr" is deemed improper grammar, the submitter prefers dropping the article to changing the noun. That is, Svarðkell bíldr is acceptable.

Name and Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Tristan Wrexham - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He marked the box for authenticity then changed his mind. He will accept minor but not major changes, and if the name must be changed, cares most about the sound. He explicitly will accept Tristan in any language and will allow "of" to be added in any language.

Tristan is found in Withycombe (s.n. Tristam, p. 283) where Tristam is dated to 1189. Withycombe notes "Tristan is found in one of the earliest French Tristan romances."

Wrexham is the header spelling (p.521) in Place Names of England and Wales by James Johnson (copy included). It is undated in this spelling. The dated forms are: Wistlesham 1160-61, Wrechceosam 1222, Wreccesham, Wrettesham 1236, Wyrcesson 1291, Wrightlesham 1316-17, Rixum c. 1620.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Valeria Sergi - New Name and Device:
Gyronny vert and Or, three bears rampant contourny sable.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name and indicates an interest in an authentic Italian name, but did not mark the box requesting help making it authentic. She will accept minor but not major changes, and if the name must be changed, she cares most about the sound.

Valèria is in De Felice's Nomi, p. 349, under Valèrio. The documentation appears to say that it was used throughout Italy and associated with numerous saints.

Sergi is in De Felice's Cognomi, p. 231, as the header spelling. The documentation appears to say that it was used throughout Italy, is associated with a saint and a Pope, and derives from the given name Sergio.

The name is written variously on the submitter's forms as Valeria/Valéria Sergi/Sérgi/Sèrgi. The accent marks in De Felice are pronunciation guides only. The name should be Valeria Sergi and we have corrected the entry to conform to standard Italian (no accent marks).

The forms are from Atenveldt, not Caid. While Laurel and Wreath would have accepted the submission on the Atenveldt form, the form submitted was not the standard Aten form -- the shield is a non-standard shape and must be returned. Please advise the submitter to use Caidan forms in the future.

We also request that the submitter color the forms using markers, instead of using a color computer printout or color copier.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for using a non-standard shield shape.


Wolfgang the Wanderer - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He reconsidered marking the authenticity box (it says "oops"). The submitter will accept minor but not major changes, and if the name must be changed, cares most about sound. He will not allow the creation of a holding name.

Wolfgang is in Bahlow, p. 556 (German version -- p. 621 in the Gentry translation), under Wolf(f)gang. It is dated to 994 and 1491.

From recent precedents: "The byname the Wanderer is SCA compatible. This name has one weirdness for use of an SCA-compatible name phrase. Since the entire name is English, there is no additional weirdness for lingual mix and this name is registerable. [Joel the Wanderer, 12/01, A-Artemisia]". German/English a second weirdness (q.v. Lillian von Wolfsberg, 11/01), so this name must be returned. If documentation can be found for a German byname meaning "the Wanderer" this would be registerable under the lingua Anglica rule.

Name returned for multiple weirdnesses.


Saint Artemas, College of (Calafia)

Fianna Rhiannon McKnight - New name and Device:
Per fess vert and azure, a Latinate Celtic Cross throughout argent pierced sable between a tree blasted and eradicated, a rose slipped and leaved, a compass star, and a sea-monster contourny argent.

The submitter will accept no changes and does not care about the gender. No documentation was provided.

The Fianna appear to be a group a legendary warriors. As a note, "The given name Fiona has been ruled SCA-compatible. [Aislinn Fiona of Rumm, 08/01, R-An Tir]".

Rhiannon has been ruled SCA-compatible (Dec 85).

Black (s.n. MacKnight, p. 532) does not include the submitted spelling but does include the dated forms: Macknacht (before 1531), McKnicht (1585), McKnaicht (1637), Mackknacht (1535), and M'Knaycht (1641).

If the name were Fiona Rhiannon Mac Knight, it would still be returnable for having two weirdnesses (the use of two SCA-compatible names), though either Fiona Mac Knight or Rhiannon Mac Knight should be registerable (barring conflict).

There are several problems with this device. According to recent precedent, the overall cross does not remove the appearance of marshalling, and therefore it is in violation of RfS XI.3.

A cross throughout which overlies the line of division on a quarterly field does not remove the appearance of marshalling by quartering, even if the cross throughout is treated with a complex line (such as engrailed) or has complex ends (such as formy or moline). A cross which is not throughout, or which does not overlie the quarterly line of division (such as a Tau cross), will remove the appearance of marshalling unless evidence is presented that the cross under discussion was used for marshalling in period heraldry. [Dana the Quarrier, 06/03 LoAR, R-Meridies]

This appears to marshal: Vert, a tree blasted and eradicated argent and Vert, a rose slipped and leaved argent and Azure, a compass star argent, and Azure, a sea-monster contourny argent. This is also "slot-machine" heraldry -- the use of three or more types of charges in a single charge group (here the secondaries) in violation of RfS VIII.1.a. In addition, this has a complexity count of 9. The use of sable for the piercing may be a problem, please advise the submitter that this may be cause for return (the equivalent of color-on-color). Also, the compass star is not identifiable as such - in fact on at least one of the color emblazons it appears closer to a mullet of four points than to a compass star.

Trident informed the submitter that neither the name nor the device was registerable; however, she wished to submit them anyway. Trident correctly forwarded the submissions to the College of Heralds. Remember that local heralds can inform a submitter of problems but cannot return submissions. Similarly, any item that is returned by Crescent may be appealed to Laurel.

Name returned for lack of documentation. Device returned for multiple problems.


Darach, Shire of

Eleyn Scrivener - New Device:
Azure, on a bend sinister between two cinquefoils Or, a quill pen gules.

Her name was registered February 2003.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Robert Wright - New Device:
Per chevron Or and azure, two trees and a dragon passant counterchanged, a chief dovetailed azure.

His name was registered January 2003.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Gallavally, Canton of (Dreiburgen)

Edward Senestre - Laurel Resub. Device:
Sable, on a pale vert fimbriated in chief a boar statant to sinister argent.

His name was registered February 2003. At the same time Laurel returned his device submission Sable, a pale vert fimbriated and overall in chief a boar passant contourny argent for having an overall charge surmounting a fimbriated ordinary. In addition, Laurel requested that the fimbriation be drawn wider. This redesign addresses these issues.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Gyldenholt, Barony of

Aldgytha of Ashwood - Administrative Action: Release of device:
Purpure, a unicorn rampant argent, armed and crined Or, in base a thunderbolt argent, a bordure counter-compony Or and sable.

This device was registered August 1986 and should have been released when her new device was registered in March 1998 -- she currently has two devices and three badges registered. Aldgytha has provided a letter releasing her 1986 device.

Forwarded to Laurel.


*Ænwulf of Gyldenholt - New Name and Device:
Per fess sable and gules, a wolf's head ululant couped to sinister and a mortar and pestle argent.

The submission form indicates no preferences. The Pennisc worksheet indicates the name should be changed only if necessary to make it registerable but does not indicate what changes are allowed. We assume that all changes are allowed.

We note that the submitter has split the aesc ligature into Ae on his forms. We have used the Æ character which is used exclusively in the available documentation. Æn- is a protheme found in Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum (p. 31), an alternate spelling of Ean-. We note that there are more than thirty instances of Eanwulf listed (pp. 211 ff).

-wulf is a common deuterotheme found in Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum (p. 506), e.g. Ælfwulf, Coenwulf, and Eadwulf.

Gyldenholt is an SCA branch name that was registered January 1980.

Submitted as Aenwulf of Gyldenholt we have changed the Ae to the documented Æ, Ænwulf of Gyldenholt.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Ceara ingen Chonaill - Kingdom Resub. Badge:
Vert, a compass rose within a bordure argent.

Her name was registered November 1999 via Caid. The submitter's previous design, Vert, a compass rose argent, was returned by Crescent in May 2003 for conflict with Alexandre sur la Mer, Azure, a compass rose argent. Adding a bordure clears the conflict.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


James of Wiverneweald - Kingdom Resub. Badge:
Argent, an estoile gules within a bordure sable.

The submitter's name was registered in May 1998 via Caid. The submitters previous design, (Fieldless) An estoile gules, was returned by Crescent in July 2003 for conflict with Sequora of Zagamar, Gyronny ermine and Or, an estoile gules (July 1974). Adding a field tincture and a bordure clears the conflict.

The redesign conflicts with Argent, an estoile gyronny of six gules and sable within a bordure sable (Edric the Unsteady, May '82). There may be additional conflicts.

Badge returned for conflict.


*Marcellus Padovano - New Name and Device:
Sable, in saltire a sword and a scythe overall a skull argent.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name authentic for Renaissance Italian language/culture. He will accept all changes, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the sound "Marcellus".

Marcellus is found in De Felice Nomi (s.n. Marcello, p. 249) where it is listed as a Latin 3rd name (cognomen). In addition we have found the name in Withycombe (p. 205), where the author notes that it was used by two saints (a 1st C Roman martyr, and a 4th C Pope), and that it has been used in England since the 16th C.

Padovano is found in De Felice Cognomi (s.n. Padovani, p. 184). All of the supplied documentation on the submitter's name form shows the spelling Padovano, but he has written Padavano at the top. We have corrected this apparent transcription error to conform to the documentation.

Submitted as Marcellus Padavano we changed the byname to the documented form, Marcellus Padovano.

The arrangement two charges in saltire surmounted by a dissimilar charge has consistently been regarded a single charge group, therefore this must be returned for violation of RfS VIII.1.a.

Returning [Fieldless] A quill pen and a rapier crossed in saltire and overall a compass star all argent. "...it is a single group of three dissimilar charges, which violates RFS VIII.1.a..." (8/91 R-Outlands)

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for non-period style.


Mealla Caimbeul - New Device:
Per chevron purpure and gules, a chevron and in base a symbol of Venus argent.

Her name appears on Caid's April 20th LoI.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Siobhan ingen Chamsroin - New Name Change from Siobhán inghean an Chamsroin.

Her name was registered in April 2002 as Siobhán inghean an Chamsroin. The submitter is interested in a feminine name. According to her form, she will accept no changes;however, when contacted she does allow changes as noted below. If the name is registered, her previous name, Siobhán inghean an Chamsroin, should be released.

Siobhan (without the accent on the last vowel) is dated to 1370 (see attached) at the Academy of S. Gabriel in the Index of Names in Irish Annals: Siobhán by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Siban.shtml), with the entry "Siobhan Cham inghen Meg Cartaigh ben Mec Con Mara" [C M1370.6].

ingen is the early feminine patronymic prefix meaning "daughter of."

Camsroin is found on p. 128 of Black under the heading Cameron, which says, "The middle Gaelic genitive form is found in Macvurich as Camsroin..."

Submitted as Siobhan ingen Camsroin, we believe that the patronymic needs to be lenited. The submitter was contacted and allows the addition of the "h", giving Siobhan ingen Chamsroin.

Laurel had ruled when registering her current name that inghean an Chramsroin was a plausible patronymic. While the submitter would prefer ingen Camsroin, when contacted during the Caidan CoH meeting she explicitly allowed the addition of an before Camsroin if it is needed in order to register the name (in addition to the "h" for lenition). She also allowed other, unspecified, minor changes if necessary for registration. As we are not sure that an is required, we are forwarding the name in the form closest to the submitted form.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Heatherwyne, Shire of

Ciar ingen Dáire - Kingdom Resub. Badge:
Gules, an oak leaf bendwise argent.

Her name was registered July 2003 via Caid. Her previous submission, Gules, an oak leaf argent, was returned by Crescent at the May 2003 CoH meeting for conflict with Andreas of Green Village (03/94), (Fieldless) A holly leaf argent and Canada (non-SCA, 12/94), (Tinctureless) A maple leaf. The conflict call with Canada was an error and rotating the oak leaf clears the conflict with Andreas.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Ciar ingen Dáire - Kingdom Resub. Badge:
Sable, an oak leaf bendwise argent.

Her name was registered July 2003 via Caid. Her previous submission, Sable, an oak leaf argent, was returned by Crescent at the May 2003 CoH meeting for conflict with Andreas of Green Village (03/94), (Fieldless) A holly leaf argent and Canada (non-SCA, 12/94), (Tinctureless) A maple leaf. The conflict call with Canada was an error and rotating the oak leaf clears the conflict with Andreas.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Lorccán hua Conchobair - New Change of Device:
Argent, a mullet pierced vert.

The submitter's name was registered March 2003. If this design is registered, his previous device, Per chevron argent and vert, a phoenix and a lantern counterchanged (registered July 2003) should be released. We note that his badge (Fieldless) A mullet vert pierced argent appears on Caid's July 5, 2003 Letter of Intent.

This conflicts with Eleanor Leonard (Tinctureless) A mullet of four points distilling a goutte. There is a CD for the addition of a field, but nothing for changes to the mullet. There is no difference granted between a mullet and a mullet pierced:

[mullets vs mullets pierced] Current research seems to indicate that mullets and mullets pierced (or spur rowels) were used interchangeably in period.  As a consequence, no difference is currently granted between them.  (Agnes Daunce, 5/96 p. 20)

Also, there is no difference between a mullet of four points and a mullet of five points, or for the removal of the insignificant goutte. This also does not qualify for Eleanor's blanket permission to conflict (02/01 cover letter), which requires that the new submission have either a multicolored field or multicolored mullet.

Badge returned for conflict.


Wylds, College of (Lyondemere)

Fedelm Dub - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name authentic for Irish/Celtic. She allows all changes, and if the name must be changed, cares most about the language/culture. Note to Pelican: most of the changes on the form were made by the submitter.

Dub is listed as a byname in Feminine Names From The Index To O'Brien's "Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae", compiled by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasfryn (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/irish-obrien.html).

Fedelm is listed a feminine given name in the same source. Ó Corráin & Maguire also list this as feminine name (s.n. Fedelm, pp. 94-95) and state "Many famous Irish women bore this name." In addition, OCM state that "According to early sources, there are at least six saints called Fedelm."

According to "Quick and Easy Gaelic Bynames" by Sharon L. Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#descriptivebyname), this should be <given name> <byname>. According to the accompanying chart, since the given name ends in "m", but the descriptive name does not start with M, B, or P, it must be lenited. However, before 1200 this lenition was not shown. Since Fedelm is an early spelling, the byname should not show the lenition. Submitted as Dub Fedelm, we have changed the order of the names as required, giving Fedelm Dub.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Nordwache, Barony of

Bryan Gard of Yale - New Name and Device:
Azure, in pale a castle argent masoned sable and a yale rampant to sinister Or.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name and will not accept major changes. No other boxes were marked.

Brian is a masculine given name found undated in Withycombe (s.n. Brian, p. 53). Bryan is dated to 1529 in "Brass Enscription Index" by Julian Goodwyn (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/).

Gard is a surname found in Reaney & Wilson 3rd ed (s.n. Gard, p. 183) with le Gard dated to 1275. The name is glossed as guard/woodsman.

Yale is a locative found in Johnston, The Place-Names of England and Wales as the header spelling (p. 523). It means "open land" but it is undated. Reaney and Wilson (s.n. Yale, p. 507) dates Madog Yale to 1391 and gives the meaning as 'dweller at the fertile upland'.

The form of the name is <given name><inherited surname><locative>.

The name was submitted on a non-standard form. The form is close enough to accept; however, Crescent reserves the right to return such submissions in the future. The use of non-standard name forms may be grounds for return; the use of non-standard device forms is definitely grounds for return.

This is a "Bedford Yale" as depicted in the Pictorial Dictionary, which states that the type of yale should not be blazoned and should be left to the artist's decision. The submitter is advised to draw the yale larger.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Griffin Gard of Yale - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name and will not accept major changes. No other boxes were marked.

Griffin is a masculine given name found in Withycombe (s.n. Griffin, p. 139-140). Withycombe states that the name "has always been common in Wales, and also in the counties on the Welsh Marches, e.g. in Shropshire Feudal Aids 1428 there occur Griffinus Hull and Griffinus seu Griffith." Griffin is dated as a given name to 1583 in "Brass Enscription Index" by Julian Goodwyn (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/). In addition, Griffin is listed as appearing 9 times in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16.html).

Gard is a surname found in Reaney & Wilson 3rd ed (s.n. Gard, p. 183) with le Gard dated to 1275. The name is glossed as guard/woodsman.

Yale is a locative found in Johnston, The Place-Names of England and Wales as the header spelling (p. 523). It means "open land" but it is undated. Reaney and Wilson (s.n. Yale, p. 507) dates Madog Yale to 1391 and gives the meaning as 'dweller at the fertile upland'.

The form of the name is <given name><inherited surname><locative>.

The name was submitted on a non-standard form. The form is close enough to accept; however, Crescent reserves the right to return such submissions in the future. The use of non-standard name forms may be grounds for return; the use of non-standard device forms is definitely grounds for return.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Miriel Gard of Yale - New Name.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. She will not accept major changes, and if the name must be changed she cares most about the sound.

Miriel is a feminine given name found in Withycombe (s.n. Muriel, p 224) and is dated to 1205 in this spelling.

Gard is a surname found in Reaney & Wilson 3rd ed (s.n. Gard, p. 183) with le Gard dated to 1275. The name is glossed as guard/woodsman.

Yale is a locative found in Johnston, The Place-Names of England and Wales as the header spelling (p. 523). It means "open land" but it is undated. Reaney and Wilson (s.n. Yale, p. 507) dates Madog Yale to 1391 and gives the meaning as 'dweller at the fertile upland'.

The form of the name is <given name><inherited surname><locative>.

The name was submitted on a non-standard form. The form is close enough to accept; however, Crescent reserves the right to return such submissions in the future. The use of non-standard name forms may be grounds for return; the use of non-standard device forms is definitely grounds for return.

Name approved and forward to Laurel.


Starkhafn, Barony of

*Carlin of Eastwood - Kingdom (East) Resub Device:
Sable, mullety on a bend Or three Greek lamps palewise sable, a bordure Or.

The submitter's name was registered August 1998 via the East. According the submitter this is his third device submission; the previous two submissions were through the East. We can find no record of a Laurel-level return so we assume that both were returned at kingdom. Istvan Eastern Crown found no record of a submission since 1999 and has asked Brigantia to check the earlier records. The submitter is aware that the final emblazon doesn't match the Pennsic worksheet (the lamps are reversed). He states that this does not matter. According to the Pictorial Dictionary, the lamps may be blazoned as Arabian lamps, Greek lamps, or oil lamps. When contacted by Crescent, the submitter replied "I guess we can call them Greek lamps because I do believe they symbolize the lamps of knowledge.. of course if I am wrong, feel free to substitute the appropriate the lamp name."

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Fatimah al-Zarqa' al-Rakkasah - New Device:
Azure, on a fess between a sheathed scimitar fesswise argent banded azure and a maser argent three pillows bendwise vert.

The submitter's name was registered September 2002.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Wolf of Wexford - New Device:
Sable, on a chevron gules fimbriated a wolf's head affronty between two wolf's heads erased addorsed argent.

The submitter's name was registered September 1987 via the Outlands.

The general concern of all of the present heralds is that the central charge is not identifiable. We cannot determine if the head is cabossed or erased, and have difficulty even telling what kind of creature it is. The device must be returned for this reason. In addition, we recommend drawing all three wolf's heads facing the same direction, as this will create a more period appearance. Also, the fimbriation is too thin and needs to be fattened up (this was not grounds for return but should be noted for any resubmission involving a fimbriated fess).

Device returned for lack of identifiably.


Bibliography

Aryanhwy merch Catmael. "Jewish Given Names Found in Les Noms Des Israélites en France." WWW: Sara L. Friedemann, 2002-2003. (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/levy/index.html)

Bahlow, Hans. Dictionary of German Names. translated by Edda Gentry, University of Wisconsin, Madison: Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, 1967, English version: 1993.

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York: The New York Public Library, 1946. Ninth printing, 1989.

Da'ud ibn Auda. "Arabic Names and Naming Practices." Proceedings of the Known World Heraldic Symposium 1993. SCA, Inc., 1993.

Dauzat, Albert. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Famille et Prénoms de France. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1987. Reviewed and augmented by Marie-Thérèse Morlet.

Dauzat, Albert and Rostaing, Ch. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Lieux de la France. 2nd ed. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1963. Guénégaud, Paris.

De Felice, Emilio. Dizionario dei Cognomi Italiani. 4th ed. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. Milan, 1986.

De Felice, Emilio. Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani. 4th ed. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. Milan, 1986.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1987.

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Olney, MD: Studia Marklandica, 1977.

Johnston, James. B. The Place-Names of England and Wales. London: John Murray, 1915. London: Bracken Books, reprint ed. 1994.

Julian Goodwyn, "Brass Enscription Index" WWW:Janell K. Lovelace, 1997. (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/)

Krossa, Sharon L. "Quick and Easy Gaelic Bynames". 1997-2003. (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/)

Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, and Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names. Dublin: The Lilliput Press, 1990.

Reaney, P. H., and Wilson, R. M. A Dictionary of English Surnames Oxford: Oxford Uni. Press, 3rd ed. 1995.

Talan Gwynek, "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names", 1994-1999, Brian M. Scott. (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16.html)

Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasfryn, Feminine Names From The Index To O'brien's "Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae", (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/irish-obrien.html).

Withycombe, E. G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Oxford: Oxford Uni. Press 3rd ed. 1977.


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