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Minutes of the 23 February 2003 Meeting

[Note: These submissions appear on the Aug 03 LoAR; Anastasia MacEwan da Ravenna's name was reconsidered on the Oct 03 LoAR]

Notes and Announcements

Heraldry meetings are scheduled for: March 23rd, April 6th, May 4th, and June 15th. Meetings are tentatively scheduled for July 13th, August 3rd, and September 14th - this is a date change for September.

In order to illustrate the dangers of using color photocopies of submission forms, Crescent displayed an Estrella submission blazoned as "azure" which appears to be "purpure". Please encourage the use of Crayola markers (preferably the non-washable variety) for coloring submission forms as they come in reasonable heraldic tinctures and have thus far shown little tendency to change color over time. Please do not use paint, metallic markers, inkjet printers, or color photocopies. Some of these have been known to change color in a matter of days, and all submission paperwork must be archived for decades. Laurel has also expressed concern over these forms of color reproduction in the past and recommends Crayola markers. Also be aware that some printouts may distort the shape of the shield / escutcheon. We're neither Luddites, nor Troglodites, but we do want the best for our submitters.

Today is Hrorek Chevron's birthday, and Bruce Oak Leaf is hosting a party for him. Thus, there is a dearth of Crescent emeritae, most of whom are attending the festivities, and none of whom are present. Best wishes to Hrorek on his birthday, and much thanks to him and his fellow ex-Crescents for their years of service to the College.

Collegium is coming up March 8 & 9. There will be classes on Beginning Names and Beginning Heraldry, a Field Heraldry class, Court Heraldry, How to Draw Blazonry, How to do Heraldic Display, and Advanced Armory. The class schedule is in the January CP. Come to Bakersfield for fun and frolic. There is also a class on Copyright in the SCA (not heraldry specific).

March's meeting is the day after Heatherwyne's March Hare tournament, for which Jeanne Marie is the autocrat, so please send submission summaries by Friday night, if not earlier. For names, please summarize the documentation, including source, page number, heading, etc. and the boxes marked on the form. For armory, please supply some attempt at a blazon. Sending the names only is of minimal help. Folders will be pulled (or created) prior to the meeting for all submissions that are sent to Jeanne Marie.

It has been tradition that the various kingdom Colleges mail out April 1st Letters of Intent, filled with humorous names and armory we'd like to register, but don't dare. Crescent would like to encourage Caid to generate such a letter this year. Suggestions for content can be exchanged via the Caid Heralds email list. All the submissions will be collected at the March meeting for distribution on April 1st.

After much consideration and consultation by Crescent, Lachlan of Cromarty has gleefully agreed to take on the position of Dolphin Herald. As well as being the Voice of their Highnesses, Lachlan will act as Caid's submission herald. Congratulations! Selene Colfox will be taking on the duty of mailing Crescent's Letters of Acceptance and Return, which dovetails nicely with her current job of composing the "Trumpet's Voice" column in the Crown Prints. Su of the Silver Horn has agreed to serve as Collegium Heraldry Regent and will be maintaining the roster of warranted heralds.

Crescent read the LoAR. In the cover letter, Laurel clarifies the Grandfather Clause restricting its use to legal blood relatives (as opposed to relationships developed in the SCA). The original owner of the item in question must attest to there being such a legal relationship with the new submitter. There is a suggested form letter for making this statement in the Administrative Handbook Appendix D - Suggested Standard Form Letters (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/admin.html#APPENDIX_D). There is also a similar form letter for Heraldic Wills.

D.J. Conway's book on Celtic Names has been added to "Appendix F - Names Sources to Be Avoided in Documentation" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/admin.html#APPENDIX_F). Naughty, naughty...

Pelican has ruled on capitalization of Norse bynames. In period they were written in runes, so any transliteration we have is modern, and the preference is for lower case.

Laurel Precedents have been updated through February 2002, and are available on the web at: http://home.earthlink.net/~mranc/. The table of Lingual Wierdnesses is up to date through November 2002.

Bids are now being accepted for KWHS 2004. Bid early. Bid often! It would be wonderful if Caid could host one, as we haven't held one since 1989. If your geopolitical group is interested in hosting the KWHS, please let Crescent know and we can start organizing a bid to get it in before the deadline of May 15, 2003.

Laurel has returned a set of 19 badge submissions from Trimaris as an abuse of the privelege afforded to Baronies, Prinipalities and Kingdoms that does not restrict the number of pieces of armory and names that such groups may register. Trimaris was trying to register a large number of blue fieldless badges with a nautical theme. This appeared to be an attempt to "corner the market".

On a similar note, Crescent asks that all territorial heralds examine the registered armorial property of their barony looking for unused names and armory. We should register what we have and use what we have registered. Anything not being used should either be brought back into use or released.Everyone is encouraged to participate in commentary on interkingdom LoI's. Those interested in particpating in commentary should read what the Administrative Handbook has to say regarding the commentary process and request copies of the various kingdoms Letters of Intent from Crescent.

Submissions at this meeting which are marked with * were taken at Estrella War.


Angels, Barony of

Agnarr Kl{oe}ngsson - New Name and device:
Quarterly vert and azure, a griffin argent and a lion Or combatant.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. If the name must be change he cares most about the language/culture (Old Norse) and he will accept minor but not major changes.

Agnarr is found as a masculine given name on p. 7 of Geirr Bassi.

Kl{oe}ngr is also found as a masculine given name on p. 12 of Geirr Bassi. Kl{oe}ngsson is the expected patronymic form based on the examples on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angels, Barony of the - Administrative Action: Badge Designation: Order of the Halo

This branch name was "registered at some point". For historical interest, we note that the earliest record in the Kingdom files is a letter from Randall of Hightower, Clarion Herald, dated Oct. 25, 1970 registering the barony's device as Argent, three seraphim proper. The on-line Armorial and Ordinary do not record this.

The barony wishes to associate their badge, Gules, a lyre Or within two wings conjoined argent, which was registered in Oct.'85, with the order name Order of the Halo, which appears on Caid's Feb. 21, 2003 LoI.

Administrative Action approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angels, Barony of the - New Order Name: Companions of the Seraph

This branch name was "registered at some point". For historical interest, we note that the earliest record in the Kingdom files is a letter from Randall of Hightower, Clarion Herald, dated Oct. 25, 1970 registering the barony's device as Argent, three seraphim proper. The on-line Armorial and Ordinary do not reflect this.

The submitters will not accept major changes. The heraldic title Seraph was registered in Aug.'87 by Caid for the barony's use. A seraph is an acceptable heraldic charge within the Society, thus, this follows the pattern Order of the <heraldic charge>. This is intended to be a baronial fighter award.

The barony will accept Companionate as an alternate for Companions.

Unfortunately, the heraldic title is owned by the kingdom and the baronial order name will conflict. This must be pended until the barony receives permission to conflict, though I doubt it will be difficult to obtain.

Name pended until permission to conflict can be obtained.


Balthazar van Bruges - New Name and device:
Argent, in pale a cloud sable and a bridge of one span gules masoned argent and a base wavy azure.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name, and if the name must be changed he is most interested in the meaning and language/culture, which was not given. He will accept minor but not major changes.

Balthazar is found under the heading Balthasar on p. 23 in Dauzat's Noms et Prénoms. It is an "anc. n. de bapt.", ancient baptismal name. In addition, Balthasar is found under the heading Baltzer on p. 29 of Bahlow/Gentry where it is dated to the 15th C. as a first name.

de Bruges is found on pp. 36-37, 219 in Bowman. Bruges is a city in Belgium. Submitted as Balthazar van der Bruges, the submitter requested van der as the prepositional phrase. It is our understanding that this phrase is used in contexts where one is from a "type" of place, as van der veldt "from the field". Since the submitter wishes to be from a specific place, namely the city of Bruges, we are simplifying the preposition to van "of". We rely on the College to correct this if we have erred.

Mackay, pp. 129, 211 shows that this city is near Flanders.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Erich von Drachenholz - Kingdom Resub. Household Badge:
Per bend sinister rayonny argent and gules, a dragon salient contourny gules.

The submitter's name was registered in Sep.'96. The badge is to be associated with the household name Kompanie Röter Drachen, which appears on Caid's Feb. 21, 2003 LoI. His previous submission, Per bend rayonny argent and gules, a dragon statant erect gules, was returned in Nov.'02 for conflict with Bela of Eastmarch (06/76), Gyronny sable and argent, a dragon rampant gules, armed and webbed vert. This new submission is clear by change of the field and change of orientation.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Tomaso da Barbiano - Laurel Resub. Device:
Azure, a bend sinister between two garbs Or.

The submitter's name was registered in Sep.'02. His previous submission, Per pale argent and sable, in pale two sets of three heads of barley conjoined in pile Or, was returned by Laurel at that time with the comment:

In each set of three Or barley heads, the dexter head lies almost entirely on the argent portion of the field. It thus has insufficient contrast to be acceptable. If the barley were in actual sheaves, as stated in the original blazon, then each head of barley would have lain with half of the barley head on each side of the field, and it would have had acceptable contrast.

This is a complete redesign. Conflict with Blair Dubois (08/83) Azure, a bend sinister between a cat sejant guardant and a dove close Or with a single CD for changing the type of secondaries.

Device returned for conflict.


Calafia, Barony of

* Alfric Alfricson - Kingdom Resub. Device:
Per fess gules and vert, a tower argent between three roosters Or.

The submitter's name was registered as Alfric Alfricson in Nov.'95, though the forms were submitted with Aelfric Aelfricson. The forms indicate this is a new device, but it is actually a resubmission. His previous submission, Quarterly vert and gules, in canton a dog's head erased and in sinister base another contourny, a bordure argent, was returned in Jul.'95 for appearance of marshalling.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Bifru-Styrr A{dh}albertsson - Name Change from: Albert of Greywater

The submitter's current name, Albert of Greywater, was registered in Jan.'98. The submitter is interested in a masculine name, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the sound (closest to "bifrost"). If the new name is registered, he wishes his old name to be retained as an alternate name.

Bifru- is found a prefix nickname meaning "beaver" on p. 20 of Geirr Bassi.

Styrr is listed as a masculine given name on p. 15 of Geirr Bassi.

A{dh}albert is found as a masculine given name on p. 7 of Geirr Bassi. There are no examples of the patronymic formation for this combination of final consonants in Geirr Bassi, so we have made a valiant guess.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


David of the woods - New Name

The submitter is interested in a masculine name, will accept minor but not major changes, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the meaning "from or residing near a wood."

David is found as a heading on p. 79 of Withycombe, and dated in this form to the 11th-14th centuries.

of the woods is a locative which has been registered five times, as recently as 1994. Under the heading Wood on p. 499, R&W lists Walter de la Wode 1242, John del Wode 1274, Elias in le Wode 1275, and Alexander of the Wode 1285.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Disa blatonn - New Name and Device:
Quarterly azure and sable, on a mullet of eight points argent a harp sable.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed, she cares most about sound for the given name and meaning for the byname (black tooth or dirty teeth). She will accept minor but major changes.

Disa is supported by a report generated for the submitter by the Academy of St. Gabriel (report 2545; http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2545), which states "Dísa is a fine name." It is documented from Lind and from Peterson.

blát{o,}nn is found on p. 20 of Geirr Bassi meaning "black tooth". Submitted as Blatonn we have changed this to lower case per the Oct. 2002 Cover Letter.

Both names where submitted without accent marks, which is an acceptable transliteration.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Kolfinna in kyrra - New Name and device:
Purpure, a squirrel rampant argent between three acorns Or and a bordure embattled argent.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed, she is most interested in the language/culture (unspecified, but apparently Old Norse).

Kolfinna is listed as a feminine given name on p. 12 of Geirr Bassi.

inn kyrri "gentle" is found as a nickname on p. 25 of Geirr Bassi. Submitted as in kyrri, we have changed the nickname to the proper feminine form in kyrra.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded Laurel.


Licia da Solari - New Name

The submitter will accept minor but not major changes, and has marked no other boxes.

Licia is found on p. 232 of de Felice's Nomi.

da is an Italian locative preposition meaning "of".

Solari is found on p. 237 of de Felice's Cognomi. In the section on botanical names on p. 77, Fucilla has "Solari (if Neapolitan)" with the footnote: "A solaro may be a garrett, attic or sun dial place. Solari is a place near Milan."

Submitted as Licia de Solaria, we have changed to the appropriate locative marker giving Licia da Solari.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Poll na Gainmhe, Canton of (Calafia)

Caiterína Mac Evanny - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed she cares most about the language/culture (Irish). She will not accept major changes.

Caiterina is found on p. 45 of ÓC&M.

Mac Evanny is a heading on p. 101 of MacLysaght.

Unfortunately, this is in aural conflict with Katheryn MacEvin (05/88).

Name returned for conflict.


Walter Riebling - New Name

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. If the name must be changed he cares most about the language/culture (German), and he will accept minor, but not major changes.

Walter is an "old and popular Germanic name" found under the heading Walt(h)er on p. 590 of Bahlow/Gentry, which mentions the 10th C. Walthari Epic and the minnesanger Walther von der Vogelweide.

Riebling is under the heading Rieb(e)ling on p. 456 of Bahlow/Gentry. It is mentioned as a Low German-Westphalian patronymic of Riebe. Under the heading Riebe, Nic. Ribe 1371 and Ribo 1275 are listed along with the patronymic form Riben 1329.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Saint Artemas, College of (Calafia)

Mikael Wynter - New Name

The submitter is interested in a masculine name, will accept minor but not major changes, and has marked no other boxes.

Mikael is found under the heading Michael on p. 218-219 of Withycombe, dated to 1279 in this spelling.

On p.496, R&W have Roger Winter dated to 1195. Under the heading Winterborne on pp. 524-525 of Ekwall is given Winterborn Musters 1242, Wynterbourn Mustereston 1354 and Winterborn Thom' 1242, and Wynterbourn Thomaston 1280. This shows that i and y are interchangeable in the name Winter.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Carreg Wen, Shire of

* Anastasia MacEwan da Ravenna - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed she cares most about the sound, and she will accept minor but not major changes. The form was changed and initialed by the submitter to allow minor changes.

Anastasia is found under the heading Anastasio on pp. 64-65 of de Felice's Nomi where it is listed as a feminine name. It is also found on p. 20 of Withycombe dated to 1220.

Ravenna is found as a heading on p. 207 of de Felice's Cognomi. Ravenna is a "formato dal toponimo"; da Ravenna is the locative form of the name. Submitted as de Ravenna, we changed the preposition to fit the noun. De Felice also notes that a form of the name was a personal name in Toscana (Tuscany) in the 12th and 13th C.

MacEwan is found as a heading on p. 291 of R&W, with the citation Gilpatrik mac Ewen (from Black) dated to 1219. Macewan is a heading on p. 491 of Black, but the desired spelling is not included except as a heading form.

Whether MacEwan is considered to be Scots or English it should be registerable; Italian/Scots is registerable but a weirdness (q.v. Laertes McBride, 08/99), as is Italian/English (q.v. Veronica de Holloway, 09/99).

Submitted as Anastasia de Ravenna MacEwan, we changed the order of the last two elements to form a common surname/locative combination.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Darach, Shire of

* Adekin Caradoc - New Name

If the name must be changed, the submitter cares about the sound. No other boxes were marked.

Aiken is part of a heading on pp. 10-11 of Black where he states that it is a double diminutive of Adam. Adekin is under the heading Adkin on p. 3 of R&W which dates Adekin filius Turst' to 1195. Submitted as Aiken Caradoc we changed the given name to Adekin Caradoc with the submitter's approval.

Caradoc is found as a heading on p. 58 of Withycombe as a Welsh name (Caradawg) with the British form Caratacos. Under the heading Caradog on p. 67, Morgan & Morgan say it is derived from the British Caratacos and state:

Jackson in LHEB 688-9 discusses the date of the accent-shift which would make possible the form Cradog (Cradoc, Cradock) in early Welsh and its dating.

Under the heading Craddock, p. 114, R&W has "Cradoc (Caradoch')" dated to 1177, 1185.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


*Mat of Forth Castle - New Household name House Grenefot and Badge:
(Fieldless) A footprint vert.

The submitter's name was registered as Mat of Forth Castle in Mar.'02 via Meridies, though the forms were submitted with Fourthcastle. If the household name must be changed, he cares most about the meaning "green foot".

Grenefot is a constructed surname. Under the heading Greenhead on p. 204 of R&W, there is a Robert Grenehod dated to 1221 and John Grenehed to 1423, 1449 with the meaning "'green hood', from a partiality for this head-dress." Under the heading Whitefoot on p. 486, R&W date Ulfuine Huitfot to c.1095 and John Weyefot to 1327. Based on these examples, Grenefot is plausible as a byname for someone who is partial to green footwear. This household name is based on a surname.

Name and badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


*Mat of Forth Castle and Adeken Caradoc - New Household Name (Clann Caradoc)

The submitter's name was registered as Mat of Forth Castle in Mar.'02 via Meridies, though the forms were submitted with Fourthcastle. Adeken Caradoc is submitted above. If the household name must be changed they care most about the sound. The submitters note that "If Clan is unacceptable, please change to correct Welsh designator." All changes are allowed.

Caradoc is found as a heading on p. 58 of Withycombe as a Welsh name (Caradawg) with the British form Caratacos. Under the heading Caradog on p. 67, Morgan & Morgan say it is derived from the British Caratacos and state:

Jackson in LHEB 688-9 discusses the date of the accent-shift which would make possible the form Cradog (Cradoc, Cradock) in early Welsh and its dating.

Under the heading Craddock, p. 114, R&W has "Cradoc (Caradoch')" dated to 1177, 1185.

Clann is a household designator. Submitted as Clan, the Irish form is Clann.

This household name was submitted using the Irish Gaelic model, which is somewhat different than clan name models found in Scotland. In Ireland, clann was used literally and means 'children'. (Tiernan O'Shea for Clann Cléirigh, 04/02, A-Caid)

Bruce Laurel ruled:

Lady Harpy has noted that the use of teulu ("family") with a toponymic household name does not fit Welsh name structure. However, teulu also means "warband" which makes the name more plausible. (Giovanni Fontananera for Teulu Ffynnon Ddu, 10/93, A-Middle).

Submitted as Clan Caradoc, the household designator was changed to Clann Caradoc. This gives an English name Caradoc with a Gaelic household identifier clann Gaelic/English is registerable with a weirdness (q.v. Ian MacHenrik, 10/99).

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Dun Or, Barony of

Ciana Masina della Luna - New Badge: (Fieldless) A maiden statant affronty maintaining a crescent and sustaining a spear argent.

The submitter's name was registered in Jan.'00.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Gyldenholt, Barony of

* Galen of Kildromy - New Name and device:
Argent, a wyvern erect contourny vert maintaining a sword inverted sable and a ford proper.

The submitter wants a masculine name. He will not accept major changes. If the name must be changed he cares most about the language/culture (Scots).

Galen is cited based on the Feb.'98 LoAR:

Some questions were raised as to how well known a classical Greek physician would be in medieval Scotland. Writings by Galen or attributed to him formed much of the basis of the medieval medical literature (Siraisi, Medieval and Early Renaissance Medicine: An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice, pp. 6, 10, 71-72, etc). Even very late in period, Galen was so familiar to the popular audience that Shakespeare used his name as a shorthand tag to denote a doctor (Merry Wives of Windsor, Act II, Scene 3). [Galen Stuart, 02/98, A-Middle]

Found under the heading kildrummy on p. 218 of Johnston, Kildromy is a placename in Scotland, recorded with this spelling in 1295.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Mealla Caimbeul - Kingdom Resub. Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name, and will accept no changes to Mealla. she prefers a byname meaning "wife of Campbell" and will allow all changes to get this meaning. This was returned for administrative reasons at the January CoH meeting.

Mealla is found as part of the heading Mell, Mella: Meall, Mealla on p. 136 of ÓC&M; Mella was the name of the mother of St. Manchán of Lemanaghan.

Caimbeul is found under the heading Campbell on p. 129 of Black, where it is given as the Gaelic spelling, meaning "wry (or crooked mouth)". Submitted as Caimbuel, we have changed the surname to the documented spelling Caimbeul.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


Isles, Shire of

* Leah of Sandy Stream - Name Change from Kolli Benason

The submitter's current name, Kolli Benason, was registered in Sep.'02. The submitter is interested in a feminine name, and if the name must be changed, she cares most about the sound. If this name is registered, she wishes to release her current name.

Leah is found as a heading on p. 192 of Withycombe, listed as a feminine Biblical name, the sister of Rachael and first wife of Jacob. Though Withycombe states the name was "first used as a Christian name in England by 17th-C Puritians," as a Biblical name it was available in the name pool and should be registerable.

of Sandy Stream is a constructed locative. Under the heading sand on p. 403, Ekwall states "'sand' is a common first el. of pl. ns., and then means simply 'sand'." Ekwall includes a number of place names with the meaning sandy stream or sandy brook. Under Sambourn on p. 403, Ekwall dates Samburne to the Domesday Book and Sambrook to 1285 with the meaning "sandy stream". Another example is Sandbach "sandy stream or valley" on p. 403, with Sanbec dated to the Domesday Book and Sondbache dated to 1260. Also, Sandbeck "sandy brook" on p. 403, with Sandbec dated to 1148 and 1222.

Under the heading Stream on p. 431 of R&W Henry ate Streme is dated to 1279 with the meaning "dweller by the stream". Under the heading Sandwell on p. 391, R&W date John de Sandwell to 1250 and give the meaning "dweller by the sandy stream or spring." This shows the use of a locative marker with a location sandy stream. The OED dates sandy as an adjective to 1382. Under the heading Sandy on p. 300 of Mills, Sandie is dated to 1086, and Sandiacre, a heading on p. 300, is dated to 1086, showing the use of Sandy in a locative.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Ottavia Spadera - Kingdom Resub. Device:
Quarterly gules and purpure, a gynosphinx couchant contourny within a bordure rayonny Or.

The submitter's name was registered in Sep.'02. Her previous submission, Quarterly gules and purpure, a gynosphinx dormant contourny wings elevated, a bordure rayonny Or, was returned by Crescent in Feb.'02 for lack of identifiability. This redrawing has fixed the previous problem of identity.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Rachel of Sandy Stream - New Name and device:
Argent, a schnecke issuant from sinister chief and a seeblatt purpure.

The submitter wants a feminine name. If the name must be changed, she cares most about the sound. Though the forms indicated otherwise, she will allow the formation of a holding name. she changed her mind when the check box was explained to her.

Rachel is found as a heading on p. 248 of Withycombe; "a common name among Jews, but not used as a Christian name in England until after the Reformation."

of Sandy Stream is a constructed locative. Under the heading sand on p. 403, Ekwall states "'sand' is a common first el. of pl. ns., and then means simply 'sand'." Ekwall includes a number of place names with the meaning sandy stream or sandy brook. Under Sambourn on p. 403, Ekwall dates Samburne to the Domesday Book and Sambrook to 1285 with the meaning "sandy stream". Another example is Sandbach "sandy stream or valley" on p. 403, with Sanbec dated to the Domesday Book and Sondbache dated to 1260. Also, Sandbeck "sandy brook" on p. 403, with Sandbec dated to 1148 and 1222.

Under the heading Stream on p. 431 of R&W Henry ate Streme is dated to 1279 with the meaning "dweller by the stream". Under the heading Sandwell on p. 391, R&W date John de Sandwell to 1250 and give the meaning "dweller by the sandy stream or spring." This shows the use of a locative marker with a location sandy stream. The OED dates sandy as an adjective to1382. Under the heading Sandy on p. 300 of Mills, Sandie is dated to 1086, and Sandiacre, a heading on p. 300, is dated to 1086, showing the use of Sandy in a locative.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Naevehjem, Barony of

Caoilfhionn inghean Amhlaoibh - New Device:
Argent, in cross two cauldrons and two cats sejant erect sable.

The submitter's name was registered in Jan.'00.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Hob Calvin - Kingdom Resub. Device:
Quarterly vert and argent, in dexter chief a paw print argent.

The submitter's name was registered in Dec.'99. His previous device submission, Vert, on a plate a paw print vert, was returned by Crescent in Feb.'00 for conflict.

The move to chief is forced, as Hob's paw print could not be in the center of the field. Thus this conflicts with Nicholas Wolfmar (02/88), Gyronny of six issuant from base gules and Or, a wolf's paw print argent, and with Griffin Pollard le Bere (06/97), Per saltire azure and sable, a paw print argent. In both cases there is a CD for changes to the field but nothing for the forced move of the paw print.

Device returned for conflict.


Nordwache, Barony of

Caroline Marie de Fontenailles - Device Change
Azure, on a pale between two fleurs-de-lis argent an iris azure slipped and leaved vert all within a triple tressure argent.

The submitter's name was registered in Nov.'94. If this device is registered, she would like to release her current device: Sable, on a pale doubly endorsed argent, an iris azure slipped and leaved vert.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Starkhafn, Barony of

* John Blod - New Name and Device:
Sable, three lozenges conjoined in fess argent within an orle argent.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He will not accept major changes; no other boxes where checked.

John is a heading on pp. 178-179 of Withycombe, where it states "John was a fairly common name in the 12-15th C."

Blod is found under the heading Blood on p. 50 of R&W, with "William, John Blod 1256, 1328."

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Marius of Calydon - New Name

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. If the name must be changed he is most interested in the sound. He will not accept major changes.

Marius is a Byzantine masculine given name found in Bardas Xiphias' article "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/early_byz_names.html). It is also found on p. 355 of Lemprière's Classical Dictionary.

of is the lingua Anglica locative preposition "from".

Calydon found as a heading on p. 122 in Lemprière's Classical Dictionary, where it is described as "a city of Aetolia, where Oeneus the father of Meleager reigned."

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Ninian of Man - Change of Holding name from: Kay of Starhaven

The holding name Kay of Starhaven was created in Sep.'02 when the name Niniana de Mona was returned with the following comments:

Niniana was submitted as a hypothetical feminine form of the masculine name Ninian. No documentation was provided and none was found that such a feminization is plausible with this name. Therefore it is not registerable ...

Mona was documented as the Roman name for the island of Anglesey. However, no documentation was provided that de Mona is a properly formed Roman Latin locative byname. Lacking such evidence, this byname is not registerable.

There was some commentary regarding possible conflict of this name with the Arthurian character of the Lady of the Lake. Metron Ariston explains:

The given name is fairly obviously the Arthurian Niniane whose human origins are somewhat dubious. In some versions she is associated with the Lady of the Lake and in others is stated to be a powerful sorceress, possibly of Druidic origins, and is associated with the deceit of Merlin. A number of modern "romantic magic" sources associate her with Mona/Anglesey, possibly because of legendary associations between Anglesey and the "island in the west" and also with late survival of Druidic rites.

We are declining to rule on this possible conflict at this time. If this name is resubmitted in a form similar to the current submission (for example, Ninian de Mona), the new submission should address whether the Lady of the Lake would be referred as of Anglesey or as of Mona/de Mona. Such information would help the College evaluate whether or not the submitted name would or would not conflict with the Lady of the Lake.

The submitter doesn't care about the gender of the name and will not allow major changes. If the name must be changed she cares about the sound (Ninian or Niniana). She is avoiding the potential conflict raised by Metron Ariston by changing the locative.

Ninian is found as a heading on p. 229 of Withycombe which states it is a masculine name. Withycombe notes that Ninian or Ninias was the name of a saint of British origin (d. 432) who founded a church at Whithorn in Wigtownshire and that the name is "frequent in early 17th C. lists of Yorkshire recusant."

Man is an island found in the Irish Sea. It was held by the Norse (9th-13th C.), Scots (13th-14th C.) and English (from 14th C.) according to Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, (s.v. Man, Isle of, p. 720).

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Obedia la calavera - New Name and device:
Sable, three chevrons and on a chief argent three fleurs-de-lys gules.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name and will not accept major changes. If the name must be changed he has no preference for meaning, sound, or language/culture.

Obedia is found in this spelling in the Holne Baptism 1597-1699 with Obedia Beard, the son of Hohn and Katheryn Beard baptized 12 March, 1615 (http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/genuki/DEV/Holne/Registers/Baptisms1.html). Spelled Obediah, the same name is found as a masculine given name in "Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England" by Eleazar ha-Levi (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/jewish.html). Obadiah is one of the books of the Old Testament. Obadiah is found as a heading on p. 230 of Withycombe where it is listed as "the name of one of the Hebrew prophets. It was a common Christian name in the 17th C."

La calavera is Spanish for "skull", according to Langenscheidt New College Spanish Dictionary, s.v. calavera. We presume it is being used as a descriptive epithet. The submitter indicated that he believes it is Old Spanish (whatever that is) for "a place of bones."

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Bibliography

Bahlow, Hans. Dictionary of German Names. translated by Edda Gentry, University of Wisconsin, Madison: Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, 1967, English version: 1993.

Bardas Xiphias. "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries". WWW: Berret Chavez. (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/early_byz_names.html)

Bethel, John P., ed. Webster's Geographical Dictionary. Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1969.

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland: their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York: the New York Public Library, 1946. Ninth printing, 1989.

Bowman, William Dodgson. The Story of Surnames. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1931.

Brassett, Brian. "Holne Baptisms (1597-1699)". (http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/genuki/DEV/Holne/Registers/Baptisms1.html)

Dauzat, Albert. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Famille et Prénoms de France. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1987.

de Felice, Emilio. Dizionario dei Cognomi Italiani. 4th ed. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. Milan, 1986.

de Felice, Emilio. Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. Milan, 1986.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Eleazar ha-Levi. "Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England." (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/jewish.html)

Fucilla, Joseph G. Our Italian Surnames. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1998.

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Olney, MD: Studia Marklandica, 1977.

Johnston, James. B. Place-Names of Scotland. 3rd ed. London: John Murray, 1934.

Langenscheidt. Langenscheidt's New College Spanish Dictionary. Maspeth, NY: Langenscheidt Publishers, Inc., 1998.

Lind, E.H. Norsk-Isländska Personbinamn från Medeltiden. Uppsala: 1920-21.

Mackay, Angus ed., Atlas of Medieval Europe. New York: Routledge.

MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland. 6th ed. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1985.

Mills, A. D. A Dictionary of English Place Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Morgan, T.J., & Morgan, Prys. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1985.

Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, and Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names. Dublin: the Lilliput Press, 1990. [ÓC&M]

Oxford University. The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. [OED]

Peterson, Lena. "Nordiskt runnamnslexikon." WWW: Institute for Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research, 2001. http://grimnir.dal.lu.se/runlex/index.htm [Note: Found at http://www.dal.lu.se/runlex/index.htm]

Reaney, P. H., and Wilson, R. M. A Dictionary of English Surnames. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. [R&W]

Withycombe, E. G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.

Wright, F. A. ed. Lempriére's Classical Dictionary. 3rd. ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.


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