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Minutes of the 3 November 2002 Meeting

[Note: These submissions appear on the June 2003 LoAR]

Notes and Announcements

The next kingdom heraldry meeting will be held on December 15. We will have the traditional holiday party and dessert revel after the meeting. Please bring a dessert to share as well as the usual lunch potluck item. There will have a voluntary gift exchange for those interested. Presents should be valued at about $10 with an SCA theme preferred. Of course, gifts with an heraldic theme are also very popular.

Only about ten of the forty territorial heralds have submitted third quarter reports. If you haven't yet, please get your reports to Crescent as soon as possible. Year-end Domesday reports are due at Twelfth Night on January 4, 2003. Quarterly reports are accepted at . Event reports should be sent to . Corrections to the OP should be sent to . Crescent would like to see a series of short articles included in the Crown Prints during months where we do not have submission and award information. If you have topic ideas or are interested in writing a small article for the CP (Trumpet's Voice) talk to Sable Fret (Selene) and Crescent. Articles should be about half a page in length.

If you know of any peerages taking place, please let Crescent know. Ideally, the Crown lets Crescent know and the candidate for peerage should contact Crescent. If any changes are made to the ceremony Crescent must be notified. Crescent or another senior herald should do the invocation.

As a reminder, summaries of submission information may be sent to Jeanne Marie via e-mail () prior to each CoH meeting. For names, this means a summary of the documentation and of the boxes marked on the form. For armory, this means some attempt at a blazon. Sending only the name is of minimal help. Do not wait until the last minute. Folders will be pulled (or created) prior to the meeting for all submissions that are sent to Jeanne Marie.

* = Great Western War submission


al-Sahid, Shire of

Davi d'Orléans - New Device:
Azure, two fleurs-de-lis Or and a sword inverted winged argent.

The submitter's name was registered in April 2002. This device was returned in August for lack of funds. It was marked as a resubmission though no previous submission was made.

These arms conflict with those of France: Azure, three fleurs-de-lys Or.

Device returned for conflict.


Altavia, Barony of

Katerina Winter of Greystoke - Kingdom Resub. Name and Device:
Vert, a bend sinister between a falcon contourny and an oak leaf bendwise sinister argent.

The previous name submission, Katerina Falconcrest, was returned at the kingdom meeting in Nov. 2001 for lack of documentation of the byname. The device was pended at that time for lack of a name.

The submitter is interested in having a feminine name authentic for 14th-16th C. English and if the name mst be changed, she is most concerned with the sound and language/culture. She will not accept major changes.

Katerina is dated to 1196 under the heading Katherine on p. 186 in Withycombe.

Winter is dated to 1185 on p. 496 of R&W.

Greystoke is a locative surname found under the heading Graystoke on p. 203 in R&W. This spelling is not dated, but dated examples include de Greystok 1251 and Graystoke 1408. In addition, Bardsley dates Graystok to 1542 under the heading Graystock on p. 338.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Mary Taran of Glastonbury - New Badge:
[Fieldless] A Glastonbury thorn blossom proper.

The submitter's name was registered in Jan. '74. The flower is pink shading to white at the edges; the thorns are red. We believe this matches the charge on her device (Glastonbury thorn twig blossoming proper) and it is thus grandfathered to her. This is clear of [Fieldless] A Tudor rose, with a CD for fieldless and another for tincture. By the same reasoning, this should be clear of both York, [Fieldless] A rose argent and of Lancaster, [Fieldless] A rose gules.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angels, Barony of

Angels, Barony of the - New Badge:
[Fieldless] Two wings conjoined in lure surmounted by a sword Or, the blade enflamed gules.

While the style of enflaming is no longer considered acceptable, this style is grandfathered to the Barony as emblazoned in a previous badge registration: Gules, three swords in fess Or, enflamed proper, which was registered in Jun. '82.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angels, Barony of the - New Order Name: Order of the Halo

The barony's name was "registered at some point" long ago, according to the SCA Armorial. This name will be associated with the baronial arts & sciences award.

Halo is an English word found on p. 1245 in the OED where haloes (circles of light about the sun) is dated to 1603. The word halo (with the usual modern meaning) is dated to 1646.

In "Period Order Names" by Kwellend-Njal Kollskeggson on p. 53 in KWHs (Midrealm, 2001) there are examples of order names with intangible things including Holy Ghost (several), Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin, and Most Holy Annunciation. Given such examples, we believe that this order name follows a period formation.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angus Amhas - Kingdom Resub. Badge:
[Fieldless] On a lion argent a mullet of four points gules.

The submitter's name was registered in Jan. 2001.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Erich von Drachenholz - New Household Name: Kompanie Röter Drachen and Badge:
Per bend rayonny argent and gules, a dragon statant erect gules.

The submitter's name was registered in Sep. '96. He intends this submission for a household fighting unit connected with House Drachenholz, which was registered in Oct. '96. He will allow any changes, but wishes to keep the element Drachen in the name. The meaning is intended to be "Red Dragons". The badge is to be associated with the new household name.

Röter is found under rote in Cassell's German Dictionary, meaning "red". Specifically it is the plural compound form.

Drachen is found under drache in Cassell's German Dictionary, as the plural form of dragon.

Kompanie is found under kompa(g)nie in Cassell's German Dictionary, meaning company in the military sense. We are not sure which is a more correct period spelling, but followed the usual modern German spelling without the letter g.

Submitted as Rote Drachen, the necessary designator was added, the adjective was changed to a plural form and the umlaut added to match documentation, yielding Kompanie Röter Drachen.

The badge conflicts with Bela of Eastmarch (06/76), Gyronny sable and argent, a dragon rampant gules, armed and webbed vert. There is a CD for changes to the field but nothing for the dragon's posture, nor the arming and webbing. The move to chief in Erich's badge is forced and thus, not worth a CD.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Badge returned for conflict.


Therese of the White Griffin - New Household Name: House Griffincliffe and Badge:
Vert, a griffin sejant contourny argent maintaining an Arabian lamp Or.

The submitter's name was registered Sep. '89. The badge is to be associated with the household name. No preferences were marked.

This name cannot be found directly. We have found several examples of <given name><-cliff> in Ekwall. Ileclif 1050, and Ileclife 1130 are found on p. 112, from the personal name Illa and the old name Cliffe. Marcliff is found on p. 315 from Marana cliue, where "The first el., Mearna... looks like a pers. n., ...". Under Catsley on p. 90, we found the forms Catesclive and Cattesclive, meaning "cat's cliff" dating from the DB. We found Gatley on p. 193, from Gateclyve or Gaticlyve dated from 1290, meaning "goat's cliff". On p. 455 we found Swallowcliffe from Suealewanclif dated to 940. We found "cliff" used with a supernatural element on p. 418, namely Shincliffe from Scinneclif, dated to 1085, meaning "the cliff of the spectre or demon, haunted cliff". On p. 150 we found Drakelow from Dracen hlawen, meaning "dragon's mound" or hill, dated to 942. On p. 134 of Smith's we found many placenames of the form "Dragon" + locative: Drakedale, Drakehill, Drakeholes, Drakelow (hill), Drakenage (edge), Drake North (hoard, treasure), and Drake Pit (pot). The author notes that all of these placenames originated from folk tales of treasures, with dragons to guard against grave robbers.

Griffin is a personal name found on p. 139 in Withycombe. It is also the name of a mythical beast similar to a dragon, found on p. 1206 in the OED dating to the 16th C. in this spelling, with early spellings back to the 14th C. We argue that the name Griffincliffe is a reasonable construction either as a personal name + cliff, or as a monster or beast name + cliff.

There is an SCA conflict: Tnek the Ainissestor, Per bend sinister Sable and Gules, a griffin sejant to sinister argent, July 1983. There is no difference for the maintained charge.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel. Badge returned for conflict.


Calafia, Barony of

Dagmar rau›kinn - New Device:
Gules, a pair of scissors inverted expanded in saltire argent handled Or between in pale a hair comb and hair comb inverted Or.

The submitter's name appears on Caid's Oct. 1st, 2002 LoI. This submission was pended at the August CoH meeting for lack of forms. We chose to use the term "expanded" to follow the example in Parker for the arms of the Company of Tailors, Edinburgh.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Mia Sperling - New Name and Device:
Sable, a sinister hand ermine.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed she cares most about the sound ("Meeyah"), and she will not allow major changes.

Mia is a feminine given name, a short form of Maria. It is found as a heading on p. 318 dated to 11th-13th C. in Seibicke, Historisches Deutsches Vornammenbuch, band 3.

Sperling is a surname meaning "sparrow" found on p. 533 in Bahlow/Gentry under the heading Sperl, where Johan Sperling is dated to 1285.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Carreg Wen, Shire of

* Hrodebert von dem Kämpfenhasen - New Name and Device:
Azure ermined, on a roundel argent a hare rampant sable.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. He is interested in having his name authentic for 14th-16th C. German, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the language/culture and the meaning ("of the fighting hare"). If a holding name must be formed, he prefers Robert of Carreg Wen.

Hrodebert is found on p. 254 of Withycombe as the hypothetical Germanic predecessor of the name Robert.

von dem Kämpfenhasen is an invented name following Part II.3 and Part III.2.iii of the Rules for Submission of the College of Arms of the SCA. It is intended to translate as "of the fighting hare" and is derived from the proposed device submitted with this name. We where unable to find examples of this type of name; more documentation is needed to show that this byname follows period patterns.

The device was submitted with the blazon, Azure, semy of daggers, on a roundel argent a hare rampant sable. We reblazoned them as ermine spots. If he wants daggers, he needs to draw them larger and fewer with a clearly dagger-like appearance.

Name returned for lack of documentation of the construction. Device pended for lack of name.


* Ihon MacLucas - New Name and Device:
Per fess azure and Or, a compass star Or and in saltire two arrows inverted sable.

The submitter wishes a masculine name appropriate to the language and culture of Scotland, and will allow minor but not major changes.

Ihon is an early spelling of John, found in the article "13th and 14th Century Scottish Names" by Symon Freser (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/symonFreser/scottish14/scottish14_given.html).

MacLucas is found as a heading on p. 539 in Black. This spelling is undated, but variations include M'Lucas 1414, Maklucas 1524, and McLugas 1618.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Dreiburgen, Barony of

Elisabetta Malipiero - Laurel Resub. Device:
Gules, two winged lions statant respectant Or.

The submitter's name was registered in April 2002. Laurel returned her previous submission, identical to this, for identifiability of the lions. This resubmission has fixed the problems.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Heatherwyne, Shire of

Eiríkr Mjoksiglandi Sigur›arson - Laurel Resub. Badge:
[Fieldless] A drakkar under sail gules, its sail emblazoned with a phoenix Or.

The submitter's name was registered in May 1998. The previous submission, [Fieldless] A phoenix rising from an estoile of eight rays Or, was returned for conflict on the Sep. '01 LoAR. That was a joint badge submission with Astridr Selr Leifsdóttir. This is a complete redesign.

Consider the following precedents:

  • Brigantia has appealed the long-standing ban on charged sails as giving the appearance of arms of pretense. Brigantia is correct that certain charges may themselves be charged so long as they do not give the appearance of pretense. Unfortunately, all of the examples of charged sails which we have been able to find depictions of period heraldry were displays of badges or arms claimed by the person or group who used the armory on which the sail appeared. Thus, such usage by definition creates an impression of pretense. When Master Wilhelm made the exception that groups might include a laurel wreath on a sail for group arms, he was reflecting this attitude, since the laurel wreath is an insignia to which all Society groups may lay claim. (01/90)
  • Long-standing tradition, dating back to August of 1983, dictates that sails may not be charged in Society heraldry (save for a laurel wreath in group armoury) since this could be taken as a sign of pretense. (08/89)
  • "Sails may not normally be charged in the SCA" (WvS, August, 1983). (02/87)
  • There is a long-standing precedent in Society heraldry which considers charged sails as being equivalent to arms of pretense and therefore forbidden for Society usage: "You may not charge a sail if the resulting sail conflicts with existing arms." As the sail here appear identical to at least one mundane items of armory, this device must be returned. (The passage of the arms of Eisenmarche cited by Star in the letter of intent is a special case: the armorial display on the sail there was a special case: the arms of the Society, which the Board has specifically stated may be displayed by any group.) Note that removing the boar's head from the sail with several mundane coats mentioned which involve a ship sable on an argent field. (12/86)

There have been no rulings since the 1990 precedent. RfS XI.4 used to include "Such arms of pretense are most commonly placed on an inescutcheon or lozenge, but may also appear on other geometric charges such as roundels, cartouches, etc." the rules have been changed so that arms of pretence only specifically apply to charged cantons and escutcheons. Thus we believe that the precedents against charged sails no longer apply, as by the RfS this would not be a display of arms of pretense or augmentation of honor. In any case, the sail does not represent armory protected by the Society.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Ieuan Chwith - New Device:
Argent, a stag's head erased gules and on a chief sable three bezants.

The submitter's name was registered in April 2001.

We note that the horns are drawn backwards, but don't feel that is enough to warrant returning the device for a redraw. We should advise the submitter that his depiction is somewhat unusual.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Linnet de Hynkersul - New Device:
Or, a chevron purpure between two mortars and pestles vert and a cat sejant contourny guardant sable marked argent.

The submitter's name appeared on Caid's April 5th, 2002 LoI. The submitter wishes the cat's markings to be explicitly blazoned.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Madelena Hidalgo de Valencia - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. She will not allow major changes; however, she explicitly allows the locative to be dropped if necessary for registration. No other preferences were indicated.

Madelena is found in "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/WomenFullNames.html) with Madelena de Velasco and Madelena Manrrique cited.

Hildalgo is based on the mundane name allowance. The submission was taken at Great Western War where there was no access to a photocopier. Per the Dec. '01 LoAR Cover Letter, the following information was noted on the submission form: CA driver's license: Mayra M. Hidalgo-Figueras, driver's license seen be Jeanne Marie Lacroix (Sommelier Pursuivant) and Honour Grenehart (Silver Trumpet Pursuivant). According to the submitter, her maiden name was Hidalgo-Gato (no proof of this was presented).

de Valencia meaning "from Valencia", is found in "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/WomenFullNames.html), which cites Catalina de Valencia.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel


* Onóra inghean Uillic - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name, and she will not accept major changes. No other preferences were indicated.

Onóra is a feminine given name found on p. 150 in ÓC&M. It is a borrowing of the common Anglo-Norman name Honora. On p. 154, Withycombe says it is found in Latin records from the 12th-14th C. in this spelling (though without the accent). She states that the name "was carried to Ireland by the Normans and became a favourite name there..."

inghean is the later period Gaelic patronymic marker, "daughter of".

Uillic is the genitive form (per Woulfe, p. 203) of Uileac which is a variant of Uileóg, a diminutive of Uilliam. A separate variant spelling of Uillec is found as a masculine given name on p. 175 in ÓC&M under the heading Uilliam. None of these entries are dated.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Tachibana Hikaru - New Name and device:
Sable, a quatrefoil within a mascle argent.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name authentic for late 15th/early 16th C. Japan and allows all changes. If the name must be changed, he is most interested in the language/culture.

Tachibana is dated to 1183 as a surname in Solveig under Tangerine on p. 159.

Hikaru is an historical masculine nanori dated to 1600 on p. 332 of Solveig.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Naevehjem, Barony of

* Eularia d'Amboise - New Name and device:
Sable, on a chevron argent between three lions' heads caboshed Or a rose gules.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name, and she will not allow major changes. No other preferences were indicated.

Eularia is found in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English surnames" by Talan Gwynek (KWHS, Triamris AS XXIX, p. 95), which cites "Eularia (Hillary 1212)".

d'Amboise is a locative surname found under the heading Ambax on p. 13 in Dauzat & Rostaing's Noms de lieux. It is also found under Amboise on p. 43 of Webster's New Geographical Dictionary where it is listed as a French town on the left bank of the Loire river, 15 miles east of Tours, dating to the 11th C. The "conspiracy of Amboise" is dated there to 1560.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Kaires the Healer - Laurel Resub. Name and Laurel Resub. Device:
Per saltire gules and azure, a saltire sable fimbriated argent.

The submitter permits no changes. Her previous name submission, Kaires Tevesu, was returned by Laurel in Apr. '83 with the note "Document Kaires. Tevesu is not a proper Greek form for 'from Thebes.' The correct usage is Thebaieus." Her previous device submission, Per saltire gules and sable, a chevron and a chevron inverted conjoined azure, fimbriated argent, was returned by Laurel at that time for lack of contrast and non-period style.

Kaires is a middle name, which is part of the submitter's mundane legal name. Her driver's license is the sole documentation. The closest name we found was Caeres in Lempriére's.

the Healer is intended to be a byname of occupation. The OED, p. 1273, dates this spelling of the word with the intended meaning to 1611.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Starkhafn, Barony of

Áengus O'Flaherty - Kingdom Resub. Device:
Argent pellety, a bull's head cabossed gules.

The submitter's name was registered in Mar. '00. His 1st attempt at this device was returned at the Nov. '99 meeting for being unblazonable; the field was approximately "Holstein". His 2nd attempt was returned in Jan. '00 for redraw because the pellets were too large and the bull's head was almost entirely on one pellet. His 3rd and latest attempt was returned in Apr. '02 for redraw as the bull's head was brownish-red and the field was closer to "Dalmatian". Finally, we can forward something to Laurel for the submitter!

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Jeneuer Neuille - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name and will accept no changes.

Jeneuer is a feminine given name found dated to 1296 under Jennifer in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (KWHS, Trimaris, AS XXIX, p. 101). We note that this spelling is indeed found under the heading Jennifer on p. 254 of R&W.

Neuille is found under the heading Nevill on p. 321 in R&W with Gilbert Neuille dated 1142, and de Nouila dated to 1160.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Mikhail Olegovich - Name Change from: Michael of Starkhafn and New Device:
Quarterly sable and azure, a sword proper within a bordure argent.

The submitter's current name, Michael of Starkhafn, was registered in May 2002. If the new name is registered, he wishes to keep Michael of Starkhafn as an alternate name. The submitter is interested in a masculine name, and he will not accept major changes. No other preferences were indicated.

Mikhail is dated to 1262-3 under the heading Mikhai on p. 211 of Wickenden.

Olegovich is dated to the 12th C. under the heading Oleg on p. 245 of Wickenden.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Starkhafn, Barony of - Kingdom Resub. Guild Name: Guild of the Gilded Spoon and Badge: Sable, a spoon inverted bendwise sinister within a bordure rayonny Or.

The submitters care most about the meaning. No other preferences were indicated. The guild name was returned at the August meeting for lack of support, which has now been received.

This doesn't conflict with the Order of the Golden Spoon (12/99), as golden and gilded are different in both sound and appearance. The OED has gilded in this meaning ("The goodly gilded cups and goblets") dated to 1566. The word is used earlier by Chaucer "With many glade gilde stremys" dated 1369. The meaning "tinged with a golden color" is dated to 1588 from Shakespeare. The first use of spon as an eating utensil is dated 1340. Spone is dated from 1380-1553, and the spelling spoon is dated 1426.

The badge is to be associated with the Guild of the Gilded Spoon. The first attempt at this badge was returned by Crescent in Aug. '02 for drawing the spoon in trian aspect and fimbriating a bordure. This version was pended in Sep. for lack of support, which has now been received.

Name and badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Western Seas, Barony of

* Ailionóra inghean Thighearnaigh - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed she cares most about the meaning ("Ailionóra, daughter of Tighearnach"). She requests that the patronymic be lenited and placed in the genitive as necessary, but she will not allow major changes. Note to Laurel staff: the birth date on the form is incorrect; the submitter completed the forms herself, and while young, she is definitely older than four months.

Ailionóra is found as a heading on p. 18 of ÓC&M where it is dated to 1497 and 1589.

inghean is a Gaelic patronymic marker meaning "daughter of".

Tighearnach is found as part of the heading Tigernach: Tighearnach, Tiarnach on p. 170 of ÓC&M, where Tigernach is dated to 1088. Woulfe has Thighearnaigh as a genitive spelling under the heading Tighearnach on p. 202.

Submitted as Ailionóra inghean Tighearnach, the spelling of the patronymic was changed to match the genitive form found in Woulfe: Ailionóra inghean Thighearnaigh.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


* Fionnabhair inghean Thighearnaigh - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name and she will not allow major changes. If the name must be changed she cares most about the meaning ("Jennifer (pale), daughter of Tighearnach"). she requests that the patronymic be lenited and placed in the genitive as necessary.

Fionnabhair is found as part of the heading Finnabair:Fionnabhair, Fionnúir on p. 100 of ÓC&M. Finnabair was a daughter of Ailill and Medb, queen of Connacht.

inghean is a Gaelic patronymic marker meaning "daughter of".

Tighearnach is found as part of the heading Tigernach: Tighearnach, Tiarnach on p. 170 of ÓC&M, where Tigernach is dated to 1088. Woulfe has Thighearnaigh as a genitive spelling under the heading Tighearnach on p. 202.

Submitted as Fionnabhair inghean Tighearnachh, the spelling of the patronymic was changed to match the genitive form found in Woulfe: Fionnabhair inghean Thighearnaigh.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel.


* Ríoghnach inghean Chonchobhair na Áth Dara - Kingdom Resub. Name and Device:
Vert, on a plate a tree eradicated proper, on a chief argent three cats' heads erased azure.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name, and if the name must be changed, the most import thing is retaining Rioghnach de Ath Dara. She will not allow major changes; however, she explicitly allows the patronymic to be dropped if necessary for registration. She will also allow the de to be dropped or changed to of if necessary. The submitter's name was returned at the Sep. '01 CoH meeting for lack of documentation of the locative de Athdara. It was returned again at the Oct. '02 CoH meeting for not including a submission form. The device was pended in Sep. '01 for lack of a name.

Ríoghnach is found under the heading Rignach: Rioghnach on p. 156 of ÓC&M.

inghean is a Gaelic patronymic marker meaning "daughter of".

Chonchobhair is believed to be the lenited and genitive form of Conchobhar, which is found under the heading Conchobar: Conchobhar on p. 57 of ÓC&M. The submitter requests that changes be made as necessary.

de is a Latin locative preposition meaning "of". Changed to na to match the language.

Áth Dara is found undated under Adare on p. 13 of Room. It is said to mean "ford of (the) oak grove".

Submitted as Rioghnach inghean Chonchobhair de Ath Dara, we have added the accent to the given name as shown in ÓC&M. We added the accent to the place name shown by Room and changed the language of the locative preposition to avoid mixing languages within the same name phrase. The name was changed to Ríoghnach inghean Chonchobhair na Áth Dara .

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Tighearnach ua Catháin na Áth Dara - Kingdom Resub. Name and Device:
Sable, on a bezant a tree eradicated proper, on a chief Or three stags' heads erased gules.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. If the name must be changed, the most import thing is retaining Tighearnach de Ath Dara. He will not allow major changes; however, he explicitly allows the patronymic to be dropped if necessary for registration. The submitter's name was returned at the Sep. '01 CoH meeting for lack of documentation of the locative de Athdara. The submitter has added the locative, de Ath Dara, to avoid conflict with Tigernach Ó Catháin which was registered in Nov. '01. The device was pended in Sep. '01 for lack of name.

Tighearnach is found under the heading Tigernach: Tighearnach, Tiarnach on p. 170 of ÓC&M, where Tigernach is dated to 1088.

ua Catháin is a Gaelic patronymic meaning "descendent of Cathán", which appears as a heading on p. 47 of ÓC&M.

de is a Latin locative preposition meaning "of". Changed to na to match the language.

Áth Dara is found undated under Adare on p. 13 of Room. It is said to mean "ford of (the) oak grove".

Submitted as Tighearnach ua Catháin de Ath Dara, we have added the accent to the given name as shown in ÓC&M. We added the accent to the place name shown by Room and changed the language of the locative preposition to avoid mixing languages within the same name phrase. The name was changed to Tighearnach ua Catháin na Áth Dara.

We have informed the submitter that the roundel should be more circular.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Bibliography

Bahlow, Hans. Dictionary of German Names. translated by Edda Gentry, University of Wisconsin, Madison: Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, 1967, English version: 1993.

Bardsley, Charles. W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. London, 1901; Ramsbury, Wiltshire: Heraldry Today. Reprint ed.: 1988

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland: their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York: the New York Public Library, 1946. Ninth printing, 1989.

Cassell's German Dictionary ???

Dauzat, Albert and Rostaing, Ch. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Lieux de la France. 2nd ed. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1963. Guénégaud, Paris.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1987.

Juliana de Luna. "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century." (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/MensGivenAlpha.html)

Kwellend-Njal Kollskeggson. "Period Order Names." KWHS Proceedings Midrealm, 2001.

Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, and Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names. Dublin: the Lilliput Press, 1990. [ÓC&M]

Oxford University. The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. [OED]

Parker, James, A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry. Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle, 1982.

Reaney, P. H., and Wilson, R. M. A Dictionary of English Surnames Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3rd ed. 1995. [R&W]

Room, Adrian. A Dictionary of Irish Place-Names. Belfast: Appletree Press, 1994.

Seibicke, Wilfred. Historisches Deutches Vornamenbuch. Berlin: de Amyter, 1996.

Smith, A.H. English Place-Name Elements. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1956.

Solveig Throndardottir. Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan. Carlsbad, N. M.: the Outlaw Press, 1994

Symon Fraser. "13th and 14th Century Scottish Names." (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/symonFreser/scottish14/scottish14_given.html)

Talan Gwynek. "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" Known World Heraldic symposium Proceedings 1994, Free Trumpet Press West, 1994. (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/yorkshire.html)

Webster's New Geographical Dictionary ???

Wickenden of Thanet, Paul. A Dictionary of Period Russian Names. Mountain View, CA: SCA Inc. - Free Trumpet Press West, 3rd ed. 2001.

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Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaetheal ir Gall: Irish Names and Surnames. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967.

Wright, F. A. Lempriére's Classical Dictionary. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 3rd. ed. 1984.


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