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Minutes of the 6 October 2002 Meeting

[Note: These submissions appear on the April 2003 LoAR]

Notes and Announcements

The next heraldry meetings are scheduled for Nov. 3 and Dec. 15.

All territorial heralds are required to submit a quarterly report. They are due at the middle of the month, so please try to get them to Crescent in the next week or so. E-mail is fine, but get them in as soon as possible.

Crescent requests that all court business for Coronation and Queen's Champion be e-mailed to him a week or so before the event so that it can be scheduled on the agenda. When your group is called into court, it is not necessary to ask leave of the Crown to approach. The herald is acting as voice of their Majesties, and when he says to approach, you can assume their Majesties approve. Please encourage a small entourage to approach the dais. Other members of the populace are welcome to show their support by standing in place. If your group is making a presentation that includes a number of small items, please encourage them not to take out each and every item in the presentation basket. This applies to presentations at any court, but especially at long courts.

Their Highnesses Gerhart and Una appreciate period presentation, authenticity, solemnity, and decorum. Please keep inappropriate joking and levity to a minimum. The herald who runs court is merely a voice. While part of our job description is to act as a Master of Ceremonies, which is not to say we should act in the same manner as the M.C. at a Dean Martin celebrity roast. Much like a well-trained butler, when we are doing our job well we should be invisible. All the attention should go to their Majesties, and our job is to help them look good.

As a reminder, here are Jeanne Marie's house rules. Drinks are allowed in the Living Room. If you want to set a drink on the wooden furniture, please use coasters. Food is to stay in the kitchen/dining room area. Sodas are available for 50¢ from the mini-fridge in the garage. Photocopies are 10¢ for all copies not requested by the College. Extra file copies should be in the territorial folders in the file box. Please check your folder each month and keep it empty.

The Known World Herald Symposium for 2003 will be held in St. Louis, MO, on the first weekend of June. That is the same weekend as Caid's Coronation, so you have to choose one.

* = Crown Tourney submission; = Collegium submission


Altavia, Barony of

* Geneviève d'Orléans - New Device:
Vert, on a bend sable fimbriated between three fleurs-de-lys a crescent argent.

The submitter's name was registered in January 2001.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Angels, Barony of

* Beatrix von Köln - New Name and Device:
Per fess argent and gules, on a double-headed eagle sable nimbed maintaining a sword and a Latin cross elongated to base, a cross formy Or.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name authentic name for 16th C. German and if the name must be changed, she cares most about the language/culture. Ironically, she will not allow any changes.

Many references to Beatrix are found in Chronik zur Geschichte der Stadt Köln - Band 1: von den anfägen bis 1400, by Fuchs, (Peter. Köln: Greven Verlag.) An entry for März 30, 1068 on p. 108 lists a "Markgräfin Beatrix". An entry for April 22, 1164 is found on p. 131: "Gemahlin Beatrix zum zweiten Mal zum Kaiser krönen". On p. 133 is an entry for Okt. 2, 1165: "Kaiserin Beatrix in Köln zum Erzbischof geweiht" and the entry for Mai 29, 1167 on p. 134 "Gemahlin Beatrix zur Kaiserin". The entry of Juni 16, 1269 on p. 234 also lists Beatrix as does the entry for Aug 1, 1331 on p. 270.

Köln is a city in Germany that dates back to Roman times when it was a colony, hence the name.

The device is clear of Arion Hirsch von Schutzhundheim (07/01), [Fieldless] On a double headed eagle sable two furisons palewise flat to center Or with a CD for changes to the field and another for changing the type and number of the tertiary charges.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Boethius, College of

Brynhildr Vilhjálmsdóttir - New Name and Device:
Per saltire purpure and vert, a wolf's head couped to sinister between three roundels argent.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name.

Brynhildr is found as a feminine given name on p. 9 of Geirr Bassi.

Vilhjálmsdóttir is a patronymic formed using the guidelines on p. 17 and the given name Vilhjámr, which is found on p. 16 of Geirr Bassi.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


† Ceara inghean Eirnín - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed she cares most about the language/culture and she will not accept major changes.

Ceara is found under the heading Cera on p. 50 of ÓC&M. It is the post-1200 spelling, and there are three virgin saints of this name.

inghean is a post-1200 patronymic prefix meaning "daughter of".

Eirnín is found under the heading Erníne on p. 89 of ÓC&M. It is the post-1200 spelling, and there are eleven saints of this name. We do not know whether or not this surname lenites, but believe it does not. We will rely upon the superior knowledge of the College of Arms to correct this element if necessary.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Isolde filia Edwardis - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed, she cares most about the meaning, Isolde daughter of Edward.

Isolde is found under the heading Isolda on p. 166 of Withycombe, where it is dated to the 15th C.

filia is a Latin patronymic meaning "daughter of".

Edwardis is found on p. 150 of R&W under the heading Edward dated to 1279.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Poll na Gainmhe, Canton of (Calafia)

† Arthur Red - New Device:
Argent, a bear rampant and on a chief gules three Latin crosses formy argent.

The submitter's name was registered in June 2000.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


† Hans Schneckenburger - New Name and Device:
Per pale gules and Or, two castles counterchanged.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. If the name must be changed he cares most about the language/culture and he will accept all changes.

Hans is found as a heading on p. 210 of Bahlow/Gentry, where he states "sh. f. of Johannes, popular f.n. in the Middle Ages".

Submitted as Schneckenburg, Schneckenburger is found as an undated heading on p. 543 of Brechenmacher where the spelling Sneccenburg is dated to 1180. We were unable to document the name in the desired spelling. There is a town called Schneckenberg, but we chose to form a true locative by adding the suffix-er, believing this to be a smaller change than adding the prepositional element von.

This device conflicts with Gareth Nikodemos Somerset (07/99), Per pale gules and Or, three towers counterchanged, with a single CD for changing the number of charges.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for conflict.


Saint Artemas, College of (Calafia)

† Alvar Dax - New Device:
Azure, a dragon and a coney combatant argent.

The submitter's name appears on Caid's Oct. 25 LoI.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


† Seraphina Sacheverell - Laurel Resub. Device:
Per pale argent and sable, a pale offset gules between in bend sinister a standing seraph and a cross of Jerusalem counterchanged.

The submitter's name was registered in April 2002. Her previous device, Per pale and per chevron gules, Or, sable, and argent, three Jerusalem crosses counterchanged argent and sable, was returned by Laurel in April 2002 for having a non-period field division.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Summergate, Canton of (Calafia)

† Avery de la Marre - New Name

The submitter will not accept major changes. No other boxes are marked.

Avery is a masculine given name attested under the heading Dace on p. 227 in Bardsley where Avery de Dayce is dated to 1273.

del Marre is found under the heading Marre on p. 299 of R&W where William del Marre is dated to 1302. The submitter would prefer de la Marre, but will accept the attested del Marre if necessary.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Carreg Wen, Shire of

Johann von Magdeburg - New Device:
Per pale azure and argent, in fess a portcullis and a maunch counterchanged.

The submitter's name was registered in May of 2001 (via the Middle).

This device violates R.f.S. XI.3 - Marshalling, which states in part:

Such fields may be used with identical charges over the entire field, or with complex lines of partition or charges overall that were not used for marshalling in period heraldry.

Device returned for marshalling.


Darach, Shire of

Lorenz Wieland - New Name

The submitter desires a name authentic for 15th C. Alsatian and permits minor changes.

Lorenz appears in "Late Period German Masculine Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/germmasc.html), which dates the name to 1451-1500. The name is also found as an undated heading on p. 343 of Bahlow. In addition, we found the name as an undated heading in Brechenmacher.

Wieland is found as a heading on p. 611 in Bahlow/Gentry, which dates this name to 1341. Two other variants date from the 14th century as well.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Lucia da Silva - New Device:
Or, three piles on point gules surmounted by a galleon under sail sable.

The submitter's name was accepted at the August 2002 CoH meeting and appears on Caid's Oct. 25 LoI.

We believe this is clear of Cyneric Dracaheorte (06/92), Or, three piles, two from chief and one from base gules, overall a reremouse sable. We argue that there is a CD for changing the orientation of all of the piles, and another for the change of type of the overall charge.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Darchester, Shire of

Darchester, Shire of - Laurel Name Appeal and Resub. Device:
Sable, a hunting horn within a laurel wreath Or.

The Shire is appealing the return of the name Darchester. If the appeal is not accepted, they will accept the name Darton instead. The group name Darchester was returned on the April 2002 LoAR with the comment:

This name is an auditory conflict with Dorchester, a market town and municipal borough and the county town of Dorsetshire, England. As Dorchester has its own entry in the Encyclopedia Britannica, it is protected. Since designators (Shire of in this case) are transparent for conflict purposes, the only difference between Dorchester and Darchester is in the initial vowel and does not give enough difference in pronunciation between these two names.

A synopsis of the argument provided by the submitting herald follows. They argue that the initial vowel might just barely give enough difference in pronunciation. In particular, they believe that the CoA describes two standards of difference for names: a higher standard of difference required between SCA-registered names, and a lower standard of difference required between a proposed SCA name and either a mundane name or an SCA name where the registered owner has given permission to conflict.

They also submit that in the dialects commonly spoken in Australasia there is significant aural difference between the open vowel sound represented in the first syllable of Darchester, (roughly "da") and the closed vowel of the first syllable of Dorchester (roughly "daw"). They therefore ask the College to reconsider its decision returning the group name Darchester.

When the heralds in attendance at the meeting (~ 20) were queried, a majority abstained from voicing an opinion, while the remainder were split between supporting and not supporting the appeal.

If it is the judgment of the College of Heralds that Darchester is not a registerable name, the officers of the shire have signed a declaration that they would be willing for the group to be known henceforth as Darton.

Darton is an English name of the common form "descriptor + -ton". "Dar-" could be derived either from the location of the settlement on the river Dearo/Darrow, or because it is associated with an enclosure for deer (Reaney, p. 154). "-ton" is derived from OE "-tun" "village" (Reaney, p. 39, 59, etc.).

The proposed name of Darton is identical to the name of a town in England, south of Barnsley in Yorkshire (q.v. Reaney, p. 154; giving the deer-enclosure derivation). This town, however, is not of such significance that it is mentioned in the main general encyclopaedias.

This device conflicts with Erinlin Aldhelm (11/01), Sable, a hunting horn within a bordure Or, with a single CD for changing the type of secondary. We suggest that the submitters ask for permission to conflict.

Appeal forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for conflict.


Gyldenholt, Barony of

† Sioban ingen Camsroin - Name Change from: Siobhàn inghean an Camsroin

The submitter's current name, Siobhàn inghean an Camsroin, was registered in April 2002. The submitter will accept no changes. No other boxes are marked. If this name is accepted, she wishes to release her old name.

Siobhán is found as a feminine given name under the heading Sibán: Siobhán on p. 165 of ÓC&M, which says:

This is a borrowing of Jehane or Jehanne, a French feminine form of John, which came into favour in the twelfth century and was brought into Ireland by the Anglo-Normans.

We found no documentation for Sioban without the accent. Unfortunately, without that evidence we are forced to return this, since the submitter allows no changes. We recommend that the submitter change the name to one of the documentable forms or document the current spelling.

ingen is the early feminine patronymic prefix meaning "daughter of".

Camsroin is found on p. 128 of Black under the heading Cameron, which says:

The middle Gaelic genitive form is found in Macvurich as Camsroin, while the MS. of 1467 has the form Gillacamsroin, and Camronaich is the adjectival form found in the Book of the Dean of Lismore.

Name returned for lack of documentation.


Heatherwyne, Shire of

Ciarnat ingen Dáire - New Name

The submitter is interested in a feminine name. If the name must be changed she is must interested in the sound and language/culture (Irish Gaelic, pre-1200), and she will not allow major changes.

Ciarnat is a heading on p. 52 of ÓC&M, which says "This is the female form of Ciaran, the most famous bearer of the name being Ciarnat, mistress of the legendary King Cormac mac Airt."

ingen is the early feminine patronymic prefix meaning "daughter of".

Dáire is a masculine name found as a heading on p. 68 of ÓC&M, which says it is "one of the commonest names in Irish legend and mythology." there is a Saint Dáire whose feast day is 20 Dec. ÓC&M also state "the name occurs occasionally among the learned family of Ó Bruaideda." the submitter requests that the name be lenited and placed in the genitive as necessary. We note that the D does not lenite in early period names.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Lorccán ua Conchobair - New Name

The submitter is interested in a masculine name authentic name for late 10th C. Irish. If the name must be changed he cares most about the language/culture, and he will not accept major changes.

Lorrcán is found as a heading on p. 124 of ÓC&M. It is the early spelling.

ua is an Irish relationship marker meaning "grandson or descendent of".

Conchobair is the genitive form of Conchobor, found in Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/irish100.html).

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Rotheric Kynith - New Device:
Vert, in pale a stag at gaze argent and a bow and an arrow inverted in saltire Or.

The submitter's name was registered in May 2002. Since the arrow is not nocked, the bow and arrow are not in their standard position and this must be returned for slot machine heraldry, per the following precedent:

[considering a strung bow and arrow along with another charge] the question was raised as to whether or not this is considered slot machine since it has three dissimilar charges in one group. While it is true that it has three charges, when a bow and arrow are in their standard, expected position they are considered one charge, just like a sword in a scabbard is considered one charge. It is only when they are separated, or put into non standard positions for their normal use, such as being crossed in saltire, that they become two separate charges. (Innogen Mac Leod, 4/99 p. 6)

This would be acceptable if the arrow was nocked. When redrawing this, the stag should be separated from the bow and the bowstring should be thicker. This was checked for conflict.

Device returned for redraw.


* Rotheric Kynith and Vivienne de Lampérière - New Badge:
[Fieldless] A sword inverted Or surmounted by a rose inverted gules barbed vert and seeded argent.

The names of the submitters were both registered in May 2002. This badge is to be associated with House of the Sword and Rose, which was approved at the September 2002 CoH meeting and appears on Caid's Oct. 25 LoI.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


* Vivienne de Lampérière - New Device:
Azure, on a double-headed phoenix Or rising from flames a rose inverted gules barbed vert, seeded argent.

The submitter's name was registered in May 2002.

Despite the appearance of the outline drawing, the flames are entirely gules. The phoenixes are crested gules. We have omitted this fact as artistic license. We believe this is clear of Gregor of Azerbaijan (10/83), Azure, a phoenix of flames proper and in chief two roses argent, barbed Or, with a CD for removing the secondaries and another for adding the tertiaries.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Ildhafn, Shire of

Asbjørn Pedersen - Laurel Resub. Name and Laurel Resub. Device:
Per fess vert and azure, in pale a bear rampant maintaining a lightning bolt and a dolphin naiant Or.

The submitter's previous submission, Asbjørn Pedersen Marsvin, was returned at the August 2001 Laurel meeting with the comment:

No documentation was provided that Marsvin was used in a name in Danish in period, and the College of Arms was unable to find any. Without such documentation, this element must be dropped. As the submitter does not allow major changes, we are unable to drop this element and so must return this name.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name authentic for 14th C. Danish, and if the name must be changed, he cares most about the language/culture. He allows all changes.

Asbjørn is found dated to 1410 in Lind, col.64. Geirr Bassi lists Asbj{o,}rn on p. 8.

Pedersen is a Danish patronymic. Lind col 831 lists Pedr, -er, -ar dated to 1383, 1427, and 1438. The on-line Encyclopædia Britannica lists Christiern Pedersen (1480-1554), a Danish humanist.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Beatriz de Santiago - Name Change from Holding Name: Beatriz of Caid

The submitter's previous name submission, Beatriz de Santiago de Compostela, was returned with the comment:

No documentation was presented, nor could the College of Arms find any, that de Santiago de Compostela was used in a locative byname. Previous precedent states:

This name is returned because no documentation can be found for the name de Compostela. People from Santiago de Compostela were known as de Santiago. [Livia Teresa de Compostela, 09/99, R-Atlantia]

Lacking documentation that compound forms of placenames like Santiago de Compostela were used in locative bynames, this cannot be registered.

As the submitter did not allow major changes, we were unable to drop the element de Compostela and register the name as Beatriz de Santiago.

The submitter's armory was registered under the holding name Beatriz of Caid.

The submitter is interested in a 15th-16th Spanish feminine name. If the name must be changed she cares most about the meaning (Beatriz, from the town of Santiago de Compostela). She is accepting Laurel's recommendation of Beatriz de Santiago.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Willehelm von Tannenberg - New Name and Device:
Vert, an eagle argent and on a chevron overall Or two oak leaves vert.

The submitter would like a masculine name authentic for 13th-15th C. Germany. If the name must be changed, he cares most about the language/culture, and he will allow minor but not major changes.

Under the heading Wilhelm on p. 613, Bahlow/Gentry says Willehalm comes from a "medieval epic". Bahlow also states "Wilhelm is an old Germanic, especially Norman name" and in Bayeux around 1171 there were 117 Wilhelms. We believe Willehelm to be a plausible variant.

Brechenmacher, vol. 1 dates Joh. Tannenberg to 1508 under the heading Tannenberg(er) on p. 269. The submitter added the preposition to form the locative byname.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Lyondemere, Barony of

† Anderewe Hawkewood - New Name and Device:
Per saltire azure and sable, a hawk and on a chief argent three broadarrows sable.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name authentic for mid-11th C. English. If the name must be changed he cares most about the language/culture, and he will not accept major changes.

Anderewe is found under the heading Andrew on p. 23 of Withycombe where it is dated to 1379 in the desired spelling.

Hawkwood is a heading on p. 222 in R&W. Dated spellings include John de Haukwode, 1343 and John de Hawkwod, 1351. Also under Hawkhurst on p. 221, R&W date Robert Haukehirst to 1405-6 and under the heading Hawk on p. 221 Alan Hauke dates to 1327.

Bardsley dates Adam Hawke to 1379 under the heading Hawk on p. 367. Under the heading Wudu on p. 281, Smith gives Sansom Wood, Simonswood, and Thurtle Wood. These give evidence for the construction surname + -wood and we have demonstrated that Hawke is a surname.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Christina O'Cleary - New Device:
Vert, on a pale bretessed Or three leaves vert.

The submitter's name was registered in May 2002.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Christina O'Cleary - New Badge:
Or, in bend three leaves bendwise sinister within a bordure vert.

The submitter's name was registered in May 2002.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Cormac Mór - Kingdom Resub. Badge
[Fieldless] Two torches in saltire argent enflamed proper.

The submitter's name was submitted July 2002 via Caid and forwarded to Laurel on the Oct. 1 LoI. The submitter's previous badge submission, [Fieldless] Two torches in saltire surmounted by an open book proper was returned with the comment:

There is no proper coloration for a torch nor for a book. The flames are Or fimbriated gules, which has not been allowed for more than a decade. The book obscures the underlying charges so that they are not easily identifiable, which has previously been grounds for return.

This redesign addresses each of these problems. The book has been removed. The torch is now specifically argent, rather than proper. The flames have been redrawn.

Badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Gerhart of Cynnabar - Device Change:
Lozengy sable and argent, a chevron inverted gules.

The submitter's name was registered in January 2002. His current device, Lozengy argent and sable, a chevron inverted cotised gules, was registered in March 2002. If this device passes, he wishes to retain his old device as a badge. The submitted device conflicts with Erliss Greylizard (09/71), Per pale and per chevron inverted Or and sable, a chevron inverted gules. A letter of permission to conflict is included.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


† Gráinne ingen Ébir - New Name and Device:
Per pale azure and vert, three triquetrae within a bordure Or.

The submitter is interested in a feminine name suitable for pre-12th C. Ireland, but she does not request authenticity. If the name must be changed she cares most about the sound and she will not accept major changes.

Gráinne is found as a feminine given name on p. 114 of ÓC&M. It is undated, but appears to have been used by humans and "retained its popularity in the later middle ages.

"ingen is a pre-1200 Gaelic patronymic article meaning "daughter of".

Éber is found as a heading on p. 82 of ÓC&M. ÓC&M note:

In the early documents this name is borne by legendary and pseudo-historical personages such as Éber, son of Míl, leader of the Goidelic conquest of Ireland. However, it occurs among the later medieval O Neills and MacMahons...

On p. 182 under the heading Éibhear, Woulfe indicates that the genitive ending should be -ir, which would means Ébir is the genitive form. We are unsure whether further changes are needed to lenite the name.

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


† Láebán Lacroix - New Name and Device:
Gules, on a cross nowy Or an Irish deer statant contourny guardant sable.

The submitter is interested in a masculine name. If the name must be changed he cares most about the language/culture (French/Irish), and he will not accept major changes. Gaelic-French is a weirdness, but registerable (Maura MacPharlain, 02/00).

Láebán is found as a pre-1200 spelling in a heading on p. 120 of ÓC&M. There are two saints of this name.

Lacroix is an undated heading in Dauzat's Noms et Prénoms.

There is a conflict with Elsa von Thüringen (01/93), Gules, on a cross nowy quadrate Or, a fireball proper. We are unsure whether there is a CD between the crosses and are returning this for consultation with the submitter on whether or not to proceed. We believe that this is simple according to R.f.S. X.4.j., so there is only one CD for changing the type of the tertiary.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for conflict.


Una Orcadiana - Name Change from: Úna ingen Chathail

The submitter's name was registered by Laurel in March 2002. She is most interested in the sound of the first name and the meaning of the second. She will not accept major changes.

Úna is an Irish name popular in late Medieval Ireland. The submitter would like to drop the accent mark and Latinize the name to Una, as shown in Woulfe (p. 218) under Úna.

Orcadiana is the feminine form of Orcadianus, found on p. 4 of "a Consideration of Pictish Names" by Heather Rose Jones (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames). The name is a Latinate locative/tribal byname meaning "of the Orkneys". We have followed the author's instructions found on p. 3 for altering the genitive masculine form to the feminine form; -ianus to -iana.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Wylds, College of the (Lyondemere)

Wylds, College of the - New Group Name and Device:
Sable, three laurel wreaths Or.

This is an incipient College within the barony of Lyondemere. A petition of support signed by the officers of the group accompanies the submission. The submitters will accept minor but not major changes. If the name must be changed, they care more about the meaning, "untamed or unexplored lands."

Under the heading Wild, on p. 492, R&W date William de Wilde to 1200, Walter de la Wylde to 1256, and William atte Wylde to 1347. The meaning is given as "dweller by the waste, uncultivated land". Under the heading Wild on p. 519, Ekwall dates La Wyle to 1242. Wylds is part of the heading. The OED dates Wyldes to 1612 s.v. Wild on p. 3776-7 under definition B3(b), plural of "a wild or waste place."

Name and device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Naevehjem, Barony of

Robert Grenville - New Name

The submitter desires a masculine name authentic for English and allows all changes.

This name was mistakenly included in the July minutes even though no paperwork was provided at that meeting. Crescent, assuming that the submission results had been left off, decided to accept the name. Now that the error has been caught, the submission in being presented before the College for a decision.

Robert is a masculine given name found as a heading on pp. 254-255 in Withycombe, where Robert(us) is dated to 1071-5, and 1086.

Grenville is a locative surname found as a heading on p. 205 in R&W, where Gerard de Grenvill' is dated to 1161. The submitted spelling is undated in R&W, but we found a citation on p. 629 of Webster's Biographical Dictionary, which dates Richard Grenville to 1541?-1591.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Western Seas, Barony of

Aelesia of Exeter - New Name and Device:
Gules, two lions combatant reguardant and a Lacy knot within a bordure potenty Or.

The submitter would like a feminine English name suitable for the 11th-13th C., and if the name must be changed, she cares most about the language/culture. She will not allow major changes.

Aelesia is found under the heading Alice on p. 16 of Withycombe and dates to 1219. Submitted as Aeleisia, we were unable to find the name as spelled, and changed it to a documentable form.

Exeter is found dated to 1485 under the heading Ex on p. 255 of Johnson.

The requisite black-and-white copies are not in outline form, but were photocopied from a colored page. Thus, they are useless for our purposes. These arms were not conflict checked and will be pended until B&W forms are provided.

Name approved as changed and forwarded to Laurel. Device pended for lack of forms.


Edward of Castleguard - New Name and Device:
Quarterly purpure and sable, a griffin argent.

The submitter would like a masculine name and will accept no changes.

Edward is dated to 901 as a heading on pp. 94-95 in Withycombe.

Castleguard, as a general term referring to the occupation of "castle guard", is dated to 1576 on p. 351 of the OED. In the third definition, the meaning is extended to include that land around the castle "which is inhabited by such as are subject to this seruice" (from Termes de la Ley, 1641).

The griffin is colored with a grey crayon. Since it is neither argent nor sable, it must be returned. No conflicts were found.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for lack of contrast.


Isabella Cortes de Almeida - Kingdom Resub. Device:
Quarterly sable and vert, a winged sea-unicorn Or between four escallops in cross argent.

The submitter's name was registered in March 2002.

Her previous device submission, Vert, a unicornate horse rampant to sinister between four escallops argent, was returned at the Sept. 2001 CoH meeting for using a unicornate horse, which is a charge that has been disallowed for a very long time.

Device approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Kyrstyan de la Poole - New Name and Device:
Per bend sinister purpure and argent, in bend a griffin passant and two arrows inverted crossed in saltire surmounted by a saddle counterchanged.

The submitter is interested in having a feminine name suitable for 13th-15th C. English and will allow no changes. No documentation for the name was included.

Kyrstyan is found dated to 1450 under the heading Christian(a) on p. 65 of Withycombe.

Poole is found as part of the heading Pool, Poole, Pole, et al. on p. 357 of R&W. Dated citations include Mauritius de la Pole 1176, Roger de Pole 1191, Thomas del Pol 1260, John Pool 1324, Thomas del Polle 1332. Given the dated examples, we believe de la Poole to be a reasonable spelling variant for a period name. Submitted as De La Poole, we made the article and preposition lower case to match the documentation.

There are multiple problems with this device. The argent portions have been colored with a grey crayon. Since it is neither argent nor sable, it must be returned. It is possible that this will be considered slot machine heraldry (three charge types in the same charge group). Finally, the device contains a large charge overlying two skinny charges.

Name to be forwarded IF submitter approves the change. Device returned for redraw.


Rioghnach inghean ui Chonchobhair de Ath Dara - Kingdom Resub. Name

The submitter's name was returned at the September 2001 CoH meeting for lack of documentation of the locative de Athdara. The submitter has remedied the lack of documentation with an overwhelming 80 pages or so of documentation, most of it from genealogy websites. The documentation was not well summarized, but even if it had, this submission must be returned: No submission forms were included!

Name returned for lack of forms.


Robert Crosar - Name Change from: Cellach mac Ualraig

The submitter wants a masculine name, requests authenticity for 16th C. Scottish borders and will not allow major changes.

The submitter's current name was registered in October 2000.

The name Robert is found as a given name under the heading Robertson on p. 695 of Black:

In 1456 Rich Roberti is mentioned in the body of a document and in signature R. Robertsone (LSC, p. 172). Similarly in 1541 an attestation begins "Et Ego Alexr Roberti," while the signature is Alexr Robertsone (ibid., p. 130).

These two examples clearly show the given name Robert being used to form a true patronymic, and therefore shows its usage as a given name in Scotland in the 16th C. as requested by the submitter.

Crosar is found as a heading on p. 187 of Black, with the example John Crosar dated to 1475, and "William Crosar was a witness in 1537..."

If the submitter's name is accepted, he would like to have his armory transferred to the new name.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Strom Arenvald - New Name and Device:
Per pale argent and sable, two wolves salient addorsed within a bordure embattled counterchanged.

The submitter is interested in having a masculine name appropriate for 13th-15th C. "German or Scandinavian". If the name must be changed, he cares most about the sound, and will allow all changes. No documentation for the name was included.

The modern German word Strom means "stream, river, current, power, flow, flood" etc. We could find no evidence of its use as a given name in Germany or Scandinavia. It is found dated to 1539 under the entry Strom on p. 348 of Wickenden.

We were unable to find Arenvald in our resources, but note that the 12/86 LoAR states:

We have followed the submitter's request and prefaced the submitted name with the documented Old German given name Arenvald to produce an acceptable Society name.

We beg the help of the CoA in documenting the name. This name is of the form given name + unmarked patronymic.

The device conflicts with Geyrerd von Altwolfstein (08/94), Per Pale argent and sable, two wolves combatant within a bordure embattled counterchanged with a single CD for change of posture.

We note that the "argent" portions of this device were colored in with grey, and would have been returned for that reason had there not been a conflict. We caution the submitter to leave all argent portions of the device as white, not colored grey.

Name approved and forwarded to Laurel. Device returned for conflict.


Wintermist, Shire of

† Elena verch Gwalchmai - Kingdom Resub Device:
Per chevron argent and vert, two triquetrae and a falcon counterchanged.

The submitter's primary name appears on Caid's May 15, 2002 LoI. Her previous device, Vert, a chevron between two triquetrae and a falcon argent was returned for conflict at the July 2002 CoH meeting. This new submission conflicts with Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn (07/01), Per chevron argent and vert, in base a falcon close argent with a single CD for changing the number of primary charges.

Device returned for conflict.


† Elena verch Gwalchmai - New Household Name: House of the Silver Falcon and Badge:
[Fieldless] A triquetra inverted per pall argent, vert, and sable.

The submitter's name appears on Caid's May 15, 2002 LoI. She will not accept major changes to the household name.

Silver Falcon is in the form of a sign name. Colm Dubh's article "English Inn and Tavern Names of the Middle Ages" (KWHS, AS XXXIII, p. 167) has The Fawcon dated to 1604. The construction follows the form "color + animal, such as Gray Horse, Blue Boar, White Bull, White Hart, and White Horse.

Name and badge approved and forwarded to Laurel.


Bibliography

Bahlow, Hans. Dictionary of German Names. translated by Edda Gentry, University of Wisconsin, Madison: Max Kade Institute for German-American Studies, 1967, English version: 1993.

Bardsley, Charles. W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. London, 1901; Ramsbury, Wiltshire: Heraldry Today. Reprint ed.: 1988

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland: their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York: the New York Public Library, 1946. Ninth printing, 1989.

Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Etymologisches Woerterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen. Limburg a.d. Lahn: C.A. Starke Verlag, 1957-1960.

Colm Dubh. "English Inn & Tavern Names of the Middle Ages." Proceedings of the Known World Heraldic Symposium 1998. SCA, Inc., 1998.

Dauzat, Albert. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Famille et Prénoms de France. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1987. Reviewed and augmented by Marie-Thérèse Morlet.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1987.

Fuchs, Peter. Chronik zur Geschichte der Stadt Köln - Band 1: von den anfägen bis 1400. Köln: Greven Verlag.

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Olney, MD: Studia Marklandica, 1977.

Heather Rose Jones "A Consideration of Pictish Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames/)

Lind, E.H. Norsk-Isländska Personbinamn från Medeltiden. Uppsala: 1920-21.

Neilson, W. A., ed. Webster's Biographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1951.

Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, and Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names. Dublin: the Lilliput Press, 1990. [ÓC&M]

Oxford University. The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. [OED]

Reaney, P.H. The Origin of English Place-Names. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1960.

Reaney, P. H., and Wilson, R. M. A Dictionary of English Surnames Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3rd ed. 1995. [R&W]

Smith, A.H. English Place-Name Elements. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1956.

Talan Gwynek "Late Period German Masculine Given Names" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/germmasc.html)

Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn's article "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/irish100.html)

Wickenden of Thanet, Paul. A Dictionary of Period Russian Names. Mountain View, CA: SCA Inc. - Free Trumpet Press West, 3rd ed. 2001.

Withycombe, E. G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press 3rd ed. 1977.

Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaetheal ir Gall: Irish Names and Surnames. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967.


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