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Minutes of the 9 September 2001 Meeting

[Note: These submissions appear on the March 2002 LoAR]

Notes and Announcements

The meeting began at approximately 11:20 am.

Crown Tourney will be next week on Saturday, September 15. Field heralds will be needed. Baron Hrorek notes that as of Tuesday it is not possible to make a left-hand turn into the park, contrary to the directions printed in the Crown Prints. There will be a consulting table at Crown Tourney. Collegium Caidis will also have a table set up where they will be accepting early registration. Duke Cariadoc of the Bow will be a special guest lecturer.

Christopher Golden Rose is asking that any overdue event reports be turned in before next Wednesday so that they can be included in the newest update of the Order of Precedence, which will be available at Crown.

Great Western War is coming October 2-7. Miguel Bellows will need help with voice heraldry on the field, at various tourneys and crying the camp. Eridana Ambre will have a consulting table set up during the war and will need manpower help. Please let her know if you are interested in consulting. Stephania Gold Forest announced that she is running War Mart at GWW. She will also need volunteers and the hours you work will earn money that can be credited to the geopolitical group or guild of your choice.

Crescent announced the dates of future meetings: October 14th, November 11th, and December 16th. The December meeting will be the annual Christmas meeting. A photograph will be taken of everyone who attends the meeting. All those who have a herald's tabard are encouraged to bring it for the photo. In addition to the usual lunch potluck, we will have a dessert potluck and the traditional gift exchange. Please bring a dessert as well as a lunch item. If you wish to participate in the gift exchange, bring a wrapped gift of a reasonable value (about $10). Gifts related to heraldry are often well received, but no white elephant gifts please. Spouses and significant others are welcome, and are invited to participate in the gift exchange as well.


Calafia, Barony of

Colin ap Llywarch (New name)

Name:

The submitter wants a masculine name, will not accept a holding name, and if the name must be changed, cares most about the language/culture, which he would like to be English/Welsh.

Colin is found as a heading on p. 71 of Withycombe, which says "Colin is found in England from 1200 onwards."

Llywarch appears as an undated heading on p. 146 of Morgan and Morgan. Dated spellings include Lywar' and yleward 1292; Louargh; Leuwergh and Louarch 1346. Llywarch also appears as a heading on p. 65 of Gruffudd where it states "Brythonic prince of 6th century whose story was put to verse around 850".

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Donnell ap Enyon: Dónal the Scot (Change of Primary Name)

Name:

Donnell ap Enyon was registered in March 1998. If the new name passes, the submitter wishes to retain the old name as an alternate.

Dónal is found undated on p. 75 of ÓC&M under the heading Domnall: Dohmnall, Dónal, where Domnall is dated to 566. Under the heading Scott, Scotts, et al. on p. 395 of R&W, William Scot is dated c.1150-60 and Robertus le Scot is dated 1194. Scot is a locative byname, meaning "from Scotland", with this usage dated to 1570 on p. 2674 of the OED.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Dugal MacNauchti (New name and badge)

Argent, three hurts conjoined two and one, each charged with a cross crosslet argent

Name:

Dugal is found as part of the heading Dougal, Dougall, Dugal, et al. on p. 217 of Black. While the desired spelling is undated, it is bracketed by an entry dated to 1203, and the next entry which states "Dugal was canon of Dunblane, afterward bishop (Inchaffray, p. 260) and Dugall, thane of Molen, 1261, was..."

Submitted as Mac Nauchti, we are unable to document the desired spelling. Under the heading Naughty on p. 624 of Black, dated examples include Alexander Nachti 1480, John Nauchty 1513, and Henry Nauchtie 1567. Black suggests the name may be a form of Naughton. While there is a heading Nachtyson dated 1409 on p. 623 of Black, we are loathe to make the conceptual leap to MacNauchti. We have thus dropped the patronymic prefix and changed the spelling to the closest documented form Nachti.

NAME (AS CHANGED) AND BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Éile Dallas (New Name)

Name:
Éile is found undated on p. 84 of ÓC&M under the heading Éle, Éile, which asserts that "In Irish Legend Éile was daughter of Eochu Feidlech and sister of the formidable Queen of Connacht, Medb." Dallas is a heading found on p. 197 of Black, where the desired spelling is dated to 1513. It is also found undated as a heading on p. 73 of MacLysaght.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Fausta Cornelia Rutilia (New Name)

Name:

Fausta is found among a list of feminine names in "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries" by Bardas Xiphias: (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/PLRE_fem_names.html). It is the feminine form of the Roman masculine given name Faustus. Cornelia is the feminine form of the clan name Cornelius, found on p. 308 of the JANS. Rutilia is also found in the JANS, on p. 349.

Several articles in the JANS explain how to construct feminine names.

...the attentive reader will have noted that [all women's names] derive from nomina, and women in Rome derived their names and identities from their fathers as, in other cultures, they may get them from their fathers or their husbands... Every daughter of a male member of the Julian clan was called Julia. Every one. In fact, at first women married only within gentes. There was no way to distinguish by name between generations of aunts and nieces, great aunts, etc.; all would be called Julia. Among sisters, there was the option of a qualifying addition; thus, Julia Maior is the elder and Julia Minor the younger. (pgs. 315-6)

On the same page, the author states:

Upon marriage women kept their name (derived from their father) and did not gain one from their husbands. Very rarely, if the girl's mother had a very famous family, a daughter might bear her mother's name (derived from a grandfather's nomen) as well as that derived from the father's nomen: example, Valeria Aulia... [and] Caecilia Metella.

Later in the same article, the authors describe the use of praenomen.

Before family names, group names, clan names, tribe names, national names became personal names. Later, when families or tribes were established, individual "first" names helped to sort people out. When all members of the group had the same nomen, the praenomen was very useful. (p. 339)

On the eighth day after birth (for girls) and the ninth day (for boys), the praenomen was formally given, though according to the custom of Quintus Mucius Scaevola the official listing of the girl's name would not occur until the day of her marriage and the boy's name did not go down in the official lists until he assumed the toga virile at the age of 16 or 17. (p. 340)

Praenomens of women in ancient times, which were in frequent use, were often derived from names of colors, Rutilia, Caesellia... (p. 349)

Finally, in a footnote on page 382 in the JANS, the authors list many women with two names and two women with three names - Furia Sabina Tranquillina, and Annia Galeria Faustina.

In conclusion, the submitter carries with her the names of her father and grandfather, Fausta Cornelia, with the praenomen Rutilia to distinguish her from her sisters. The accompanying documentation contains a more detailed explanation. We have found all three name elements as Roman personal names, both feminine and masculine, in Lempriere's, on pages 242, 175, and 552 respectively.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Garçi Beson (New Name)

Name:
Garçi is found on p. 126 of Talan Gwynek's "Glossary of Personal Names in Diez Melcon's Apeidos Castellano-Leoneses", and is dated to the 11th-13th centuries. Beson is also in Diez Melcon, sec. 43, p. 61, where Juan Beson is found under the heading Besonius.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Hamish Eláir Cunieson (New name)

Name:

Hamish is found on p. 163 of ÓC&M under the heading Séamus, where they state that "Hamish seems to be a bastard Scottish form developed from the vocative..." From Jaelle's precedents:

No evidence has been found to show that Hamish is anything but a post-period form. In-period renderings of Hamish are Seumas in Gaelic and James in English. [The name was returned.] (Hamish Robertson, 5/99 p. 15)

Eláir is found as a heading on p. 85 of ÓC&M and dated in that spelling to 807.

Cunieson is found as a heading on p. 192 of Black and dated in that spelling to 1606.

We cite Elspeth's precedents:

Submitted as Flannait Sibéal Ni hIighnigh, we have no evidence that double given names were used in Gaelic names in period. We have therefore dropped the second given name, as well as changed the post-period to a period patronymic construct. [Flannait inghean uí hEighnigh, 12/00 http://sca.org/heraldry/loar/2000/12/00-12lar.html, A-Meridies]

NAME RETURNED FOR A NON-PERIOD ELEMENT AND NON-PERIOD STYLE

Henrik der Herzhaft (New device)

Per chevron inverted sable and vert, a gargoyle's head cabossed argent

Name:
registered 01/00
Device:
The blazon of this submission is problematic and could also be given as Vert, a chief triangular sable, overall a gargoyle's head cabossed argent. If this is a chief triangular, it is returned for violating rule VIII.b.2.i for lack of contrast (color-on-color). If it is a field division per chevron inverted, then the line of division is drawn too far to chief, and the submission must be returned for redraw. The primary charge is not identifiable as either a gargoyle's or a demon's head. We note that a gargoyle's head has previously been subjected to return by Laurel. Please resubmit as a demon's head.

DEVICE RETURNED FOR REDRAW

Joshua MacDonald (New Device)

Per fess azure and argent, a cow statant argent marked sable, and a feather fesswise reversed azure

Name:
registered in June 1993
Device:
No armorial conflicts found.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Kagetora of Echigo (New Name and Device)

Purpure, three horse's heads erased in pall inverted, necks to center, and in chief three demi-cranes wings displayed in annulo Or

Name:
Kagetora is a Japanese nanori (masculine personal name) meaning "bright, magnificent", found on p. 169 in Solveig, and dated to 1600. Echigo is a former province in northern Honshu, found undated on p. 555 in CLG. The region is now the Niigata prefecture.
Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Kathleen Hospitalier (New name and device)

Vert, six bees Or banded sable

Name:

The submitter wants a feminine name and if her name must be changed, she cares most about the meaning, which she believes to be "home and hospitality".

Kathleen is found in Withycombe on pgs. 186-7 under the heading Katherine, which says "The Irish Caitlin, Cathleen, Kathleen from Middle English Caitlin, is now often used in England." Also noted "...and in Middle English it usually appears as Katerine, Kateline, or Catlin...the spelling with th came in about the 16th C." Dated examples include Kateline 1273, and Katerine 15th C.

Submitted as Hosspituller, which is found on p. 1336 in the OED under the heading hospitaller -(aler) and is dated to 1483. Changed to Hospitalier, which is found under the same heading and dated to 1386; it is defined as a person who greets travelers at a religious house or hospice.

Device:
Returned for conflict with Napoleon I: Azure, a semy of bees Or (important non-SCA arms) with only a single CD for change of the field tincture. It also conflicts with Melissa of Winged Hills (Aug. 88): Vert, a bee between four bees in cross, tails to center, all Or. There is a CD for arrangement but no CD is granted for the difference in number between five charges and six.

NAME (AS CHANGED) APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT

Kieran le Dragoner (New device)

Vert, a chevron disjointed between three shamrocks Or

Name:
registered 01/01
Device:
No armorial conflicts found.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Pádraic Amadan (Kingdom resub device)

Quarterly vert and purpure, a dragon's head cabossed, a bordure Or

Name:
registered 10/00
Device:
His previous submission, Quarterly vert and purpure, a dragon's head cabossed Or was returned for conflict at the April 2000 CoH meeting. Unfortunately, no one will tell us with what it conflicted. We must assume that adding the bordure has cleared the previous conflict without introducing new ones.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Tamlin Lochmaben (New name)

Name:

The submitter is interested in a masculine name and will not accept major changes.

Tamlin is found in Academy of St. Gabriel report 589, which references Bardsley and R&W. Under the heading Tomlin on p. 757, Bardsley gives Henricus Thomlynson and Alicia Tomlyn-wyff dated to 1379 and Robert Thomelynsone from the Pardon Rolls 16 Ric. II. Under the heading Tomlinson, p. 450 of R&W show Richard Tomlynson 1379. Under the heading Tamlin on p. 439 of R&W is given Peter Tamelyn 1327, and this is called "a double diminutive of Tam (Tom)."

Lochmaben is found as a heading on p. 434 of Black, which gives the period spellings Nicholas de Lacmaban c. 1300, and Adam de Louchmaban dated 1270. Lochmaben is also found as a heading on p. 1072 of CLG, which states that the town "has ruins of 14th-cent. castle of Robert Bruce."

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Trencavel Frézoul de Rouen (New name and device)

Per pale argent and azure, a fleur-de-lis between three Latin crosses counterchanged

Name:

The submitter is interested in a masculine name and will not accept major changes.

Trencavel documented as a French given name in "French / Occitan Names from the XII and XIII Century" by Ramons lo Montalbes: (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ramon/occitan/). Frézoul is documented from the same source as a French given name. It is also found undated on p. 269 in Dauzat under the heading Frezel. de is a French locative preposition. Rouen is a port city near Paris, France. The CLG states on p. 1607 that it is pre-Roman.

The submitter should be made aware that the webpage clearly gives the disclaimer: "Please note that the French spellings in these lists are modern French forms. Only the Occitan spellings are from the original text." These names are all from the 12th and 13th centuries, while the practice of double given names was extremely rare in France, and even then only very late in period. This probably should have been discussed at the meeting.

Device:
No armorial conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Darach, Shire of

Eógan Ua Confraích (New device)

Per chevron inverted argent and purpure, a hound courant azure and two crescents argent

Name:
registered 11/96
Device:
No armorial conflicts found.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Gyldenholt, Barony of

Beathog nic Dhonnchaidh (Kingdom Resub Badge)

[Fieldless] On a roundel per pale embattled gules and Or, two dog's paw prints counterchanged

Name:
registered by Laurel in February 2000
Badge:

According to a precedent of Laurel Elspeth, this badge must be returned:

...this badge uses a plain line charged roundel on a fieldless badge, a practice that has been disallowed since Baldwin of Erebor's tenure as Laurel. [Aneala, Barony of, 07/99, R-Lochac]

BADGE RETURNED FOR VIOLATING THE STATED PRECEDENT

Ceinwen ferch Rhys ap Gawain (New badge)

Paly sable and argent, a horse's head contourny erased Or gorged of a ring gules

Name:
registered 11/93
Device:
No armorial conflicts found.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Heatherwyne, Shire of

James of Nayland (Kingdom resub device)

Sable, on a pile throughout Or in pale three winged lions segreant gules

Name:
approved at the 08/01 CoH meeting
Device:

The device was returned in August 2001 for conflict. The submitter has received permission to conflict with the Shire March of the Grimfells (Calontir): Sable, on a pile throughout Or a spiderweb throughout sable charged with a laurel wreath vert.

No armorial conflicts found

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Jeanne Marie Lacroix (New badge)

Party of six vert and Or

Device:

A long, well-reasoned letter from the submitter has been included with the packet to Laurel. The letter discusses why the submitter believes this submission is clear of conflict.

This should be considered a field division rather than a counterchanged pale. According to the Precedents of Laurel Bruce:

[Party of six pieces, three bells] This was blazoned on the LOI as Per fess, on a pale counterchanged between two bells, a bell. That would be the normal modern blazon, but not the period blazon. In period, this was considered a field division, not a counterchanged pale. It appears to have been considered a field division from its invention, mid-15th Century, to the end of our period...

There was some feeling that the College has a long-standing tradition of regarding this as a counterchanged pale, not a field. I couldn't find any precedent or ruling supporting such a tradition. Quite the contrary: our policy is that we register the emblazon, not the blazon, and a conflict found under any valid blazon is a real conflict. (Laeghaire ua'Laverty, October, 1992, pg. 25)

There exists a possible conflict with Warenne, Earl of Surrey: Checky Or and azure, important non-SCA arms, registered Dec. 94. If the submitted device is not a field division, it is clear by X.1 - addition of a primary charge, the pale. If it is a field division, this is more problematic. There is clearly a CD for changing half the tincture of the field, but as the two pieces of armory share a tincture, they are not clear by X.4.a.i.(b). Rule X.4.a.ii.(a) states in part:

Checky is substantially different from all other grid-like partitions (i.e., those formed by two sets of parallel lines, like lozengy and barry-bendy); these other grid-like partitions are not substantially different from one another. Barry and per pale argent and vert is substantially different from Checky argent and vert, but it has only a clear difference from Bendy and per pale argent and vert.

If checky is different from Barry and per pale, it is presumably also different from Paly and per fess, and by extension, from Paly of three and per fess (or Party of six). If the two field divisions are substantially different, then this clears the conflict by X.4.a.ii(a). If not substantially different, then X.4.ii(c) applies, which grants a CD for the number of pieces in the partition. Checky has a minimum of nine checks or pieces (and usually many more) while party of six has six pieces by definition. This should give the second CD necessary to clear the conflict.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Ildhafn, Shire of

Estrid Henningsdatter (New Name and Device)

Per fess azure and Or, in fess three stalks of wheat per fess Or and vert

Name:

Estrid was the sister to Canute the Great, king of Denmark and England in the 11th C. SMP häfte 5, col. 776, has: Estred(is), Estrid(is) m.fl., se Æstridh (m. 1200-t., b. 1200-t.) On p. 75 of Searle is given "Astrith, Estrith, Margaret [c.1030] sister of k. Cnut, w. of Ulf jarl and of Robert I duke of Normandy."

Henningsdatter is the Danish feminine patronymic of Henning, dated to the 1380's with Henning Podebusk, the "Drost" in the Court of Queen Margrete (1380's). Variations of Henning appear under the header Hening in Lind, fjärde häftet, col. 513. Lind also gives the masculine patronymic: Hæmingr Hæningsson (Bergen 1435). In the SMP, häfte 12, cols. 215 - 227 cover Henning as a heading, which includes Henning van Pudbutz 1385 (col. 216), and Henning von Podbuszk 1393. We also find the attested patronymic Pers Henningsson 1460 in (col. 227).

The feminine patronymic construction is found in the SMP under the heading Astridh (häftet 2, col. 195): Astridh ?olleifs dottor 1400, and under Helvig (häftet 12, col. 196): Hyllewij Axels dotter, daughter of Axel Bragde, 1482.

Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Teresa d'Arezzo (New Name and Device)

Vert, a peacock in his pride Or, a bordure ermine

Name:
Teresa is found as a heading on p. 276 in Withycombe dated to the 7th C, with the name becoming popular in Italy in the 16th C. due to the fame of St. Teresa of Avila. Arezzo is a city in Tuscany, Italy, occupied since Etruscan times. The CLG notes on p. 94 that Guido d'Arezzo was born there, showing the asserted form of the name, which Webster's Biographical dates to 995 on p. 640.
Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Lyondemere, Barony of

Bjarki the Black Odinsson (New Name and Device)

Argent, a chevron between two Maltese crosses and an axe sable

Name:
Bjarki is found on p. 8 in Geirr Bassi. Black is an epithet found on an unspecified page in the OED at an unspecified date. Odinsson is a masculine patronymic from the name Odinn, found on an unspecified page in R&W. Because the submitter has an old Norse given name, the name is presumptive and we are returning it for violation of RFS VI.2. We note that the use of Thor as a given name, surname, and masculine patronymic does not validate the use of Odinn in the same way.
Device:
This device conflicts with SCA armory; Sabine of Shernbourne: Argent, a chevron between three chalices inverted sable. There is only one CD for change in type of the secondary charges.

NAME RETURNED FOR PRESUMPTION
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT

Catalina Oro Sol (Device resub Laurel)

Purpure, a sun Or between three mullets argent within a bordure Or

Name:
registered 03/00
Device:

Her original device, Gules, a sunburst Or issuant from clouds argent within a bordure Or, was returned in March 2000 for conflict with Cordelia Fitzrobert of York: Gules, a demi-sun in splendor Or issuant from a cloud argent. (Aug. 1996). Her next submission was a complete redesign: Azure, a sun Or between three mullets argent, a bordure Or was returned at kingdom in August 2001 for redraw with the instructions that the bordure be drawn thicker. This submission has fixed the previous problem.

This is clear of Veronique l'Amie: Purpure estoilly, a sun in splendor within a bordure Or. (Aug. '95 East) with one CD for number of secondaries, and another CD for type.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Gerhart von Cynnabar (Kingdom resub device)

Lozengy argent and sable, a chevron inverted cotised gules

Name:
approved at the 08/01 CoH meeting
Device:
His previous submission, Lozengy argent and sable, a chevron inverted gules was returned at the Aug. 2001 CoH meeting for conflict with Erliss Greylizard: Per pale and per chevron inverted Or and sable, a chevron inverted gules. (Sep. 1971). The first submission had only one CD for changes to the field. The resubmission has a 2nd CD for adding the secondary charge group (cotises). No armorial conflicts were found.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Ozbeg Aghmighan (New Name and Device)

Or, a chevron azure between three weasels rampant proper

Name:
This name is Turkish/Uighur/Mongol, from the time when the Mongols invaded Central Asia and conquered the Uighur. Ozbeg is found dated to 1313 on p. 197 of Cantor. It is also referenced many times in Izgi: (http://www.history.hacettepe.edu.tr/archive/oimakale.html). Aghmighan is an undated Uyghurqe epithet meaning "yellow weasel" found at Uighur Language.com: (http://www.geocities.com/uighurlanguage/animal.html). Photocopies of the website were provided. Unfortunately, the submitter has not provided documentation for the use of an animal name as an epithet in this language. We cannot assume that usage and therefore must return the name.
Device:
We recommend that the chevron be drawn slightly narrower and the weasels larger. It would be wiser to draw the weasels completely brown, because on an Or field the argent underbellies make them more difficult to identify.

NAME RETURNED FOR LACK OF DOCUMENTATION
DEVICE PENDED FOR LACK OF NAME

Úna ingen Chathail (New Name and Device)

Azure, on a pale argent endorsed Or, three annulets azure

Name:
Úna is a heading found on p. 176 in ÓC&M, which states that "This is an extremely popular name especially in later medieval Ireland" and in legend, was the name of the daughter of the King of Lochlainn. ingen is a Gaelic feminine patronymic prefix. Chathail is the genitive lenited form of the masculine given name Cathal, which is found as a heading on p. 174 in Woulfe. Under the heading Cathal on p. 47 in ÓC&M, it states "One of the most common names in Ireland in the early middle ages." As a given name, it is dated to 742.
Device:
The device is in conflict with the armory of Gaetana da Rispoli: Azure, on a pale argent endorsed Or an alaunt's head couped azure in chief (Feb. '72). There is only one CD for all the changes to the tertiary charges.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT


Western Seas, Barony of

Alexandre Afonso de Almeida (New name and device)

Or, on billet gules a double cross between six roundels Or and on a chief gules three estoiles Or

Name:

The submitter is interested in a masculine name and will not accept major names.

This name is documented from the Academy of St. Gabriel report number 1361, which says "Afonso is a fine Portuguese name for this time period," citing "Portuguese Names 1350-1450" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/portuguese.htm) and Ford. The report continues:

Alexandre is more problematic. The only example of the given name that we found in period Iberia is from late 15th century Spain [De La Torre]. Nonetheless, there is a great deal of overlap between Spanish given names and Portuguese given names, so it is plausible that a Portuguese man could have been named Alexandre.

Also included:

Almeida is a Portuguese place-name that appears in locative bynames...as early as the late 14th century and continued in use through the end of our period. In these bynames it appears with the preposition de "of", which becomes d or d' before a vowel. Thus, in the late 14th century we find d'Allmeida, and in the 16th century, d'Almeida. [De La Torre, Moser]

Additionally, Webster's Biographical lists Brites de Almeida, a Portuguese heroine dated to 1386, and Francisco de Almeida, dated 1450?-1510, who was the first viceroy of Portuguese India.

The report says in summary: "Therefore, Alexandre Afonso d'Almeida ... is a plausible name for a Portuguese man living towards the end of your time period." We don't feel that leaving the locative preposition unabbreviated is a problem and have left the name as submitted.

Device:
The question was raised as to whether this device has the appearance of presumption. The old wording of rule XI.4 - Arms of Pretense said: "Such arms of pretense are most commonly placed on an inescutcheon or lozenge, but may also appear on other geometric charges such as roundels, cartouches, etc." However, the new wording of rule XI.4 presented in the June 2001 LoAR cover letter specifically mentions only escutcheons and cantons. Therefore, we believe this submission is not presumptuous unless Laurel chooses to rule otherwise.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Colin Tyndall de ffrayser (Badge, Laurel resub)

Quarterly sable and gules, all semy of fraises Or

Name:
registered Sept. 1992 (via the Outlands)
Badge:
His previous identical submission (via Artemisia) was returned by Laurel in Dec. 2000 for conflict with Micheline Elphinstone: Azure, six roses two, two, and two, Or. He has received a letter of permission to conflict, which is enclosed in the Laurel packet.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Colin Tyndall de ffrayser (Badge, Laurel resub)

[Fieldless] A dragon sable, crowned Or and sustaining a banner quarterly sable and gules, all semy of fraises Or

Name:
registered Sept. 1992 (via the Outlands)
Badge:
His previous identical submission (via Artemisia) was returned by Laurel in Dec. 2000 for conflict with Micheline Elphinstone, Azure, six roses two, two, and two, Or. Laurel noted "As we do not allow a depiction of heraldic display which conflicts with registered armory, this must be returned." He has received a letter of permission to conflict, which is enclosed in the Laurel packet. The letter specifically includes permission to conflict when used as an element of additional armory. Colin was made a court baron of the East in May 1996, and is thus allowed the coronet on the dragon.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Crystal of Torvald (New name and device)

Purpure, a triskelion of three dolphins tails to center and on a chief Or three pairs of rosebuds slipped and leaved in saltire purpure

Name:

The submitter desires a feminine name and allows all changes. The submission forms were not signed.

No documentation was provided for the name Crystal. No documentation was provided for the name Torvald.

Device:
The chief needs to be fed. It should be much larger; about 1/5 to 1/3 of the shield. We note that rosebuds are not registerable. When resubmitted these should be drawn as heraldic roses or full garden rose blossoms.

NAME RETURNED FOR LACK OF DOCUMENTATION AND LACK OF SIGNATURE
DEVICE RETURNED FOR REDRAW

Duibheasa ingen ui hÉalaighthe (New Name and Device)

Azure, on a plate a bird displayed maintaining a sword in its dexter claw and a crossbow in its sinister claw, sable

Name:
Duibheasa is found on p. 78 of ÓC&M under the heading Dub Essa: Dubh Easa, Duibheasa, which states "it was a relatively common name in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries." hÉalaighthe is an unmarked patronymic, but no mention was made of documentation in the meeting notes...tsk! tsk!. A thick packet of documentation was provided, most of which does not contain bibliographic information of any sort. hÉalaighthe is found undated on p. 151 of MacLysaght under the heading (O)Healy, Hely. It also appears undated on p. 247 of H&H under the heading Healey. Submitted as Dubheasa hÉalaighthe, we are substituting a documented spelling for the given name and adding the patronymic prefix ingen ui, as we cannot document the use of unmarked patronymics in Gaelic.
Device:
The arms conflict with those of Kateryn of Falconkeep: Azure, on a plate a falcon displayed sable, a base embattled argent. There is a CD for removing the base, but none for minor changes to the bird, nor for the maintained charges.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT

Elias Blackthorne (New name and device)

Argent, a brazier sable enflamed azure within an orle of thorn vine wavy sable

Name:

If the name must be changed, the submitter cares most about the sound.

Elias is found under the heading Elijah on p. 98 of Withycombe, which dates the preferred spelling to 1316.

Blackthorne is found under the heading Blackthorn, Blackthorne on p. 47 of R&W, which gives the dated forms de Blakethorn 1276, Blakethorn 1379, and Blakthorn 1442. Under the heading Blackthorn, p. 47 of Ekwall dates Blaketorn 1190. Under the heading Horn, Horne on p. 238, R&W date Horne 1066, Horn 1066, 1166, 1185, and 1197, de Horne 1208, and 1229, de la Horn 1261, atte Horne 1327. This shows that forms with and without the terminal -e were used interchangeably in period.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Isabella Cortes de Almeida (New name and device)

Vert, a unicornate horse rampant to sinister between four escallops argent

Name:

The submitter is interested in a feminine name and will not accept major changes. She is interested in an authentic name for 13th to 16th English/Iberian language culture (whatever that means).

Isabella is found in "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juilana de Luna: (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/) The introduction states: "The account books of Isabel of Castilla (Isabella in English), the queen whose marriage to Fernando of Aragon united Spain..." Of course, this doesn't give any support for use of the name in period, and there is no support in the data. Thankfully, your beleaguered editor picked up Withycombe, where the desired spelling Isabella is dated to 1199 on p. 164 under the heading Isabel(l)a. This supports the desired spelling in England rather than Spain, but one supposes that would be authentic for English/Iberian language culture. Cortes is found as a byname in Juliana's article listed above, which cites Maria Cortes. This same source is used to document the name structure: given-patronymic-locative, citing Elvira Lopez de Peñaranda and Catalina Lopes de Mata, et al.

Webster's Biographical lists Brites de Almeida, a Portuguese heroine dated to 1386. Also listed is a Francisco de Almeida, dated 1450?-1510, who was the first viceroy of Portuguese India.

Device:
Unicornate horses will not be registered, and have not been for a very long time. The unicorn needs to be drawn with a beard, cloven hooves, and a lion's tail. The device was not checked for conflict.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL
DEVICE RETURNED FOR REDRAW

María de las Islas (Kingdom resub device?)

Or, three butterflies azure, a bordure invected gules

Name:
approved at the May 6, 2001 CoH meeting
Device:
The previous submission: Argent, on an escutcheon gules three hearts points to center Or, all within a bordure indented sable was returned for presumption. The new submission is a complete redesign.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Mathias du Martgarten (New Name and Device)

Per pale and per chevron azure and argent, a chevron paly chevronelly argent and sable between in bend two fleurs-de-lys Or and in bend sinister two single-headed chess knights sable

Name:
Mathias is not found in this spelling in Withycombe under the heading Matthew on p. 213-4, though Matthias and Mathiu are. The submitter did not provide any documentation for the byname du Martgarten. It was not found in any of our sources. We need documentation from the submitter before we can proceed.
Device:
We note that this device requires a complex blazon, but it is completely blazonable and is thus acceptable, though rather ill advised. Since we must return the arms for lack of name, we recommend that the submitter draw the chevron properly "checky".

NAME RETURNED FOR LACK OF DOCUMENTATION
DEVICE RETURNED FOR REDRAW, WITH SEVERAL SUGGESTIONS TO SIMPLIFY THE ARMS WHILE RETAINING THE BASIC ELEMENTS

Ríoghnach ingean ui Chonchobhair de Athdara (New Name and Device)

Vert, on a plate a tree eradicated proper, on a chief argent three natural panthers' heads erased azure

Name:
Ríoghnach is found undated on p. 156 in ÓC&M under the heading Rígnach: Ríoghnach, Ríonach, which mentions two saints of the name including the ancestress of the O Neills. Chonchobhair is the lenited genitive form of Conchobar, which is found as a heading on p. 57 in ÓC&M and dated to 882 AD. Unfortunately, no documentation was provided for the locative de Athdara, and we were unable to provide any.
Device:
We recommend that the submitter draw the roundels round, rather than elliptical.

NAME RETURNED FOR LACK OF DOCUMENTATION
DEVICE PENDED FOR LACK OF NAME

Tighearnach ua Catháin de Athdara (New Name and Device)

Sable, on a bezant a tree eradicated proper, on a chief Or three stag's heads erased gules

Name:
Tighearnach is found under the heading Tigernach: Tighearnach, Tiarnach on p. 170 in ÓC&M, where the Tigernach spelling is dated to 1088. ua Catháin is a Gaelic patronymic meaning "descendent of Cathán", which is found as a given name on p. 47 of ÓC&M. The submitter asserts that the locative byname de Athdara is found in du Bin as an early variant of Adair, but provided no photocopies. In addition, the submitter provided an URL but we are unable to find the name therein. We found no evidence of the attested meaning by researching the surname Adair in Black and MacLysaght.
Device:
We recommend that the submitter draw the roundels round, rather than elliptical.

NAME RETURNED FOR LACK OF DOCUMENTATION
DEVICE PENDED FOR LACK OF NAME

Uta Blackthorne (Kingdom resub device)

Or, a sea-pegasus contourny purpure and a bordure embattled vert

Name:
approved at the 08/01 CoH meeting
Device:

Her previous submission, Purpure, a pale Or overall a sea-pegasus contourny was returned for counterchanging a complex charge over an ordinary.

No armorial conflicts found. We recommend that the submitter feed the bordure a little.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Wintermist, Shire of

Malcolm Aikman (New device)

Argent, in saltire a rose azure barbed and slipped vert and a branch proper

Name:
approved at the 08/01 CoH meeting
Device:
No armorial conflicts found.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

William le Fendur (New badge)

[Fieldless] A cross of Santiago Or

Name:
registered 09/97; This badge is to be jointly held with Mairín ben Dhiarmait.
Device:

Submitted as [Fieldless] A cross of Santiago Or, the badge was about to be returned for conflict with Richard of Alsace: Vair, a Latin cross fleury Or. (Dec. '75?) According to Jaelle's precedents:

[a Latin cross flory vs. a cross of Santiago] There is nothing for the difference between a cross of Santiago and a Latin cross flory. (Bruinneach nic Thighearnain; 9/96 p. 18)

After feverishly adding tiny ermine spots, the device was resubmitted.

No armorial conflicts were found.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Bibliography

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Ashley, L. and Hanifin, M. "Onomasticon of Roman Anthroponyms." Journal of the American Names Society. [JANS]

Bardas Xiphias. "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries." (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/PLRE_fem_names.html)

Bardsley, C. W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. London, 1901; Ramsbury, Wiltshire: Heraldry Today. Reprint ed.: 1988

Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York: The New York Public Library, 1946. Ninth printing, 1989.

Cantor, Norman ed. Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, New York: Viking Penguin, 1999

Dauzat, A. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Famille et Prénoms de France. Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1987. Reviewed and augmented by Marie-Thérèse Morlet.

Diez Melcon, R. P. Gonzalo. Apellidos Castellano-Leoneses: Siglos IX-XIII, ambos inclusive. Granada: Universidad de Granada, 1957.

du Bin, A. Five Hundred First Families of America, 6th ed. ?: ?, ?

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1987.

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Olney, MD: Studia Marklandica, 1977.

Grinder-Hansen, Paul. Margrete I - Regent of the North. Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalmuseum, 1987.

Gruffudd, Heini. Enwau Cymraeg I Blant/Welsh Names for Children. Talybont: Y Lolfa Cyf, 1980.

Hanks, Patrick and Hodges, Flavia. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. [H&H]

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MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland. 6th ed. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1985.

Morgan, T. J., and Morgan, Prys. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1985.

Neilson, W. A., ed. Webster's Biographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1951.

Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, and Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names. Dublin: The Lilliput Press, 1990. [ÓC&M]

Oxford University. The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971. [OED]

Ramons lo Montalbes. "French/Occitan Names From The XII And XIII Century" (WWW: J. Mittleman, 1997) [URL: http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ramon/occitan/].

Reaney, P. H., and Wilson, R. M. A Dictionary of British Surnames Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3rd ed. 1995. [R&W]

Searle, William George. Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum. 1897. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,. Facsimile ed. 1969.

Seltzer, L. E., ed. The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World. Morningside Heights, NY: Columbia University Press, 1952. [CLG]

Solveig Throndardottir. Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan. Carlsbad, N. Mex.: The Outlaw Press, 1994; Potboiler Press, 1999.

Talan Gwynek. "A Glossary of the Personal Names in Diez Melcon's Apellidos Castellano-Leoneses". Known World Heraldic Symposium Proceedings (SCA: Chicago, 1993).

Withycombe, E. G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press 3rd ed. 1977.

Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaetheal ir Gall: Irish Names and Surnames: Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967.

Wright, F. A. Lempriére's Classical Dictionary. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 3rd. ed. 1984.


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