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Minutes of the 25 August 1996 Meeting

[Note: These submissions appear on the Jan 1997 LoAR]

Notes and Announcements

The regular monthly chapter of the Caidan College of Heralds took place on 25 August 1996. In attendance were: Albyn Buckthorne, Manus le Dragonier, Madawc Seamus Caradawg, Ghislaine d'Auxerre, Nigel the Byzantine, Tonwen ferch Gruffudd Aur, Hrorek Halfdane of Faulconwood, Troy DeHart, Nicollette Caramelle Avelaine, Gwendolyn Delwin Llwelyn, Griffin Crosthwait, Sciath Nichuanachtaigh, Kelan McBride of Arrain, Earnán Caomhánach, James of the Lake, Gautier Langelier of Addershold, Caitlin ni Dhuibheasa, Darragh an Liath, Judwiga Czarny Jagello, Drogon d'Artois, Miguel Esteban Franco, and Christopher Leyland D'Eyncourt.

Group and senior staff heralds have folders in the green file which have items of interest to you, including letters to submitters, College of Heralds (CoH) minutes, and such. Baronial Heralds should check canton and college files as well and either get the stuff to them, or get them to a CoH meeting.

Group heralds are required to do "something" every quarter (so we can tell whether you are still alive!), either send in a report, or attend a CoH meeting and sign in on the sheet.

Letters to Submitters are going out this week from the July LoAR (submissions from the February CoH meeting). We spent about $150 this past month in postage, and we are now caught up on letters to submitters.

Group heralds are required to notify submitters of the status of their submissions after each relevant CoH meeting. Consulting heralds are allowed to bring submissions themselves to the meeting, but must notify the territorial herald of the submission. The Baronial heralds are responsible for their colleges and cantons.

Letters of Intent (LoI) go out usually within 30 days of the CoH meeting. Letter of Intent (LoI)'s get sent to the members of the College of Arms (CoA) who comment on them for a few months, and then the submissions are acted on at the Laurel Meeting. We expect that the new Laurel will be efficient, as her last Letter of Acceptance and Return went out only ten days after the Laurel meeting.

The Kingdom CoH is responsible for notifying submitters as to the status of their submissions after the LoAR comes out. If we have been slow or lacking in responding to submitters, please extend Crescent's apologies, as this is a duty of the Crescent office.

Returns, whether at the Kingdom or SCA level, must be notified in WRITING. This is especially important with persons fighting in Crown. Kingdom law states that contenders for the Crown must have a name and device either passed through or in submission to the CoH. Crescent usually notifies people in his column in the CP about when a device is considered to be in submission for the purposes of Letters of Intent for fighting in Crown Tournament.

Regarding the legal status of SCA armory: Registration of armory with the SCA conveys no official status whatsoever in the 20th century. That is not a big deal in the USA, but in other countries with heraldic jurisdictions, this could be a problem. We have received assurance from the English and Scottish heraldic jurisdictions, that use of SCA armory in an SCA context is considered an appropriate use of re-creation. It is not acceptable to use them in a mundane context, such as sending a letter with your arms on it to Lord Lyon. I resolve that question by using two sets of letterhead; one with arms on it for SCA use, and one without arms for mundane use.

There is no policy currently in use regarding SCA armory on Web pages.

Thanks to Siggtriggr inn Tryggvi for donating a very nice book on Vikings and a National Geographic with an extensive article on Vikings to the College!

Dolphin will be making list-shields for Wintermist Anniversary as a fundraiser for the CoH.

The following is a summary financial report for the CoH, for the first half of fiscal 1996 (i.e. the year-to-date as of 30 June 1996). It was omitted from last month's minutes by mistake.

COMPARATIVE BALANCE SHEET

Assets:......................31 Dec 95...30 Jun 96 Cash on hand..................$ 316.25....$ 745.51 Receivables.....................152.00......188.00 Inventory for sale................0.00.......95.38 Purchased Property..............983.73......983.73 Acc. Depreciation...............877.72......877.72 --------------------------------------------------- Total Assets..................$ 574.26...$ 1134.90 Liabilities: Payables......................$ 200.00......$ 0.00 --------------------------------------------------- Total Liabilities.............$ 200.00......$ 0.00 Net Worth:....................$ 374.26...$ 1134.90

INCOME STATEMENT

Income: Direct Contributions.......$ 1742.50 Net Event Related Income......455.00 SCA Funds Transferred..........87.00 Inventory Added...............233.39 Net Sales.....................279.99 ----------------------------------------------- Gross Income...............$ 2797.93 Expenses: Bad Debts..............................$ 16.00 Bank Service Charges.....................33.25 Food....................................174.47 General Supplies........................322.27 Occupancy & Site........................100.00 Postage & Shipping......................172.09 Printing & Pubs.........................261.35 Other....................................20.00 To other SCA Accounts...................704.47 Inventory Expenses......................233.39 ----------------------------------------------- Total Expenses.......................$ 2037.29 ----------------------------------------------- Net Income..................$ 760.64


Angels, Barony of

Arabella di Siena (Resub [Caid] name, Resub [Caid] device)

Gules, on a pale between two hippogriffs combattant, each maintaining a glaive argent, three cinquefoils sable.

The original submission was in 2/96.

Name:

Submitted as "Arabella d'Siena". "Arabella" is found in [Withycombe, 1977, p. 29] dated to 1255, but specifically noted as being "apparently unknown on the Continent". It is also found, in [Pollock, 1940, p. 6], undated, in the form "Arabela".

"Siena" is found in [Seltzer, 1952, p. 1764], as the birthplace of St. Catherine of Siena, who is listed in [Farmer, 1987, p. 78], as being born in ca. 1347. We are changing the article "d'" to the more gramatically Italian "di" to match the apparent language of the locative; we are not aware of any language in which "d'Siena" would be appropriate.

Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Yllaria of Wildwoode (Resub [Caid] badge)

Argent, a wolf 's head erased gules within a bordure dovetailed sable.

Name:
On Caid's LoI dated 1 May 1996
Badge:
The submitter's previous badge (Fieldless) a wolf's head erased gules was returned for conflict with Per bend sinister Or and sable, in dexter chief a hound's head couped gules (Carol of the Steppes, Ansteorra, 08/91). This resubmission appears to be free of conflict.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Calafia, Barony of

Barony of Calafia (for the Calafian Cooking Guild) (New badge)

(Fieldless) a cornucopia effluent to sinister argent.

Name:
The name of the "Calafian Cooking Guild" has been in use since at least Oct. 1983; as a group guild name it neither needs nor permits independent registration.
Badge:
No conflicts found.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL

Ekaterina Borisova (New name, New device)

Argent, within a saltire moline disjointed gules a sword bendwise sinister sable.

Name:
"Ekaterina" is dated to 1533 under this spelling on [Paul Wickenden of Thanet, 1996, p. 57]. "Borisova" is dated to 1617 under "Boris" on [Paul Wickenden of Thanet, 1996, p. 24]. The submitter originally wished "Borisovna" (please note the additional 'n'), but Paul Wickenden of Thanet points out (p. xix) that "-ovna" is the modern form for the feminine patronymic.
Device:
The blazon a saltire moline disjointed is based on the attested cross moline disjointed (Basing c. 1312) mentioned in [Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio, 1992]; while there is some disagreement in how to blazon the cross, the SCA has adopted the form cross moline disjointed. The charge shown here seems to bear the same relation to a saltire that a cross moline disjointed does to a plain cross; hence the chosen blazon.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Cameron of Caladoon (Transfer of household badge)

Sable, the upper half of a mullet of four greater and twelve lesser points Or.

Name:
Cameron of Caladoon's name was registered in the distant past (apparently August 1979, but the records are less than clear). Kara the Twin of Kelton's name is on Caid's LoI dated 12 July 1996.
Badge:
The submitter wishes to to transfer his household badge (registered for House Rising Star), Sable, the upper half of a mullet of four greater and twelve lesser points Or, to Kara the Twin of Kelton. The badge was registered by Laurel in 8/79. Copies of petition are included. Note: The submitter is transferring the badge, not the household name.

ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION PASSED ON TO LAUREL.


Carreg Wen, Shire of

Aidan Brandr Arinbjornson (Resub [Caid] device)

Ermine, on a mullet of nine points between two sets of three annulets interlaced one and two gules a wolf rampant holding a sword and shield argent.

Name:
Registered by Laurel in February 1990
Device:
The submitter's previous submission was returned at the kingdom meeting (4/96) for conflict with the badge of Harold von Auerbach (East 8/90), (Fieldless) on a compass star of sixteen points vert, a boar's head erased argent armed with a unicorn's horn Or. We are sending this on to Laurel with the notation that the submitter is being asked to make two artistic changes that would improve his submission: 1) Draw fewer ermine spots on the field, and 2) decrease the size of the mullet slightly in order to draw the annulets larger.

DEVICE RESUBMISSION APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Maill Shamus O'hullichain (New device)

Argent, on a dance gules, a crescent voided argent.

Name:
Not registered or submitted
Device:

No name has been submitted with this device; therefore, we must return this. We would have preferred that the frequency and amplitude of the indentations be lessened to better conform to standard interpretations of a "dance" or "fess dancetty".

Not only is there no name submission, the submitter has merely initialed, rather than signed the forms. We would request that the submitter sign the forms for administrative reasons. We have conflict checked this nonetheless to inform the submitter of any conflicts before resubmission - we could find none at this time.

The Armorial (including the updated electronic version as well as the paper 18th Update) were checked to see if the submitter's name had been previously submitted in another kingdom - nothing was found.

DEVICE RETURNED FOR LACK OF NAME.


Darach, Shire of

Aébfhinn ni Thighearnach (New name, New device)

Ermine, an alphyn passant between three crescents pendant sable.

Name:
"Aébfhinn" is from [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, p. 15] under the heading of "Aíbinn". "Tighearnach" is from same source, p. 170, under the heading "Tigernach"; we have attempted to aspirate it appropriately following the [article "ni". It would probably be more temporally consistent to use the older form "Tigernach", but under our current standards this is insufficient reason for return and we are forwarding the submitter's preferred form.
Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Cerdic Whitewynde of Wessex (Resub [Caid] device)

Ermine, a cross patonce purpure.

Name:
Registered by Laurel February, 1992
Device:
The submitter's previous submission, Argent, a sword between flaunches embattled sable each charged with an acorn argent, was returned at the kingdom meeting (5/92) for style. While this exact blazon for the current submission was found in [Papworth and Morant, 1977, p. 611] as the arms of Rigges Rygges dated to 1465, we see no reason for this device to be protected under the Modest Proposal.

DEVICE RESUBMISSION APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Learbhean nighean Thoirrdhealbhaich (Resub [Laurel] name)

Name:

The submitter's previous submission, "Beitidh Toirrdhealbhach", was returned by Laurel 4/96 for grammar. The accompanying armory, Per bend sable and azure, a sword inverted between two butterflies in bend argent, was registered under the holding name "Bette of D[a]rach".

"Learbhean" is the modern form of "Lerben" found on [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, p. 122] dated to 794 AD. "nighean" is the gaelic form of "daughter of ". "Thoirrdhealbhaich" is the suggested spelling of her name by Laurel from her previous returned submission.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Leofleor Seó Reod (Resub [Caid] name, Resub [Caid] device)

Per bend sinister gules ermined argent and counterermine, a bat-winged lion segreant to sinister between three Latin Celtic crosses Or.

Name:

Her previous submission of Sept. 1994, "Cadlae Lasairiona MacLachlan", was returned for lack of documentation.

"Leofleor" is submitted as an invented name, constructed from "leof" meaning 'dear, valued, beloved' as found in [Hall, 1960, p. 215] and "hleor" meaning 'face, countenance' as found on p. 186 of the same source. Whereas the prototheme, "Leof-", is given on [Searle, 1969, p. 326] as a prototheme, with many examples in compounds on the following pages, the deuterotheme "-leor" is not part of the pool of themes anywhere in Searle nor is the compound, "Leofleor", itself.

The submitter (and Oak Leaf, her consulting herald) argue for the invention from [Reaney, 1967, p. 99ff.], noting:

Originally, OE compound names had a meaning, " Eadmund" 'prosperity-protector', "Siger- ic" 'victory-powerful', but the Anglo-Saxon system of indicating relationship by giving a child a name beginning with one or the other element of his father's name, or by combining one element from the father's name with one from the mother's, soon resulted in meaningless compounds....

And, on page 101, in particular the sentences:

Apart from this, up to about 900 there was little change in the character of the names used. From the tenth century there is a marked difference. Uncompounded names became rare, the compound names in use tended to become steroetyped and by the end of the century we find a distinct preference for a limited number of some twelve stems, particularly names in "Aelf-", "Aethl-", "Ead-", "God-", "Leof-", "Sige-" and "Wulf-", all of which are well represented among modern surnames.

Oak Leaf argues that this indicates that prior to the time the pattern of forming names from an existing (and limited) pool of thematic elements, compound names were formed from paired words, where meaning was significant.

He also points out that on page 110 Reaney discusses the names "Bucstan" and "Pikstan", and indicates tha both of these may have been Old English personal names. Both of these names seem to be composed of the form: [word]+[deuterotheme]. This shows that other Old English words were combined with documented name elements to form given names. While this does not directly justify the pattern in "Leofleor", it does provide some support for the combination of documented thematic elements with words not usually considered to be name themes.

In summary, therefore, "Leofleor" is submitted as an invented name from the period when Anglo-Saxon names were in transition to the commonly known system of construction from [prototheme] + [deuterotheme].

"Seó Reod" can be translated from Old English as 'the Red' [Hall, 1960, p. 280].

Device:
Her previous identical submission of Sept. 1994 was returned then for lack of name. No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Dreiburgen, Barony of

Ciarán Dúin Rúiadh (Resub [Laurel] name, Resub [Caid] device)

Per bend vert and argent, a shamrock and a stag salient counterchanged.

Name:

His previous submission, "Ciarán o Rua Coinnim", was returned by Laurel in June 1996 for grammar ("coinnim" is a verb which can be translated 'to keep' as opposed to the submitter's intention of 'keep' meaning 'castle').

"Ciarán" is found in [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, page 51].

The byname is based on one of Laurel's suggestions, though originally he had omitted the accented 'u' in "Dúin" and retained the undocumented preposition. As the submitter permits minor corrections to preserve the meaning, we are dropping the preposition and adding the accent.

Device:
His previous submission of Jan. 1996, Per pale argent and vert, a trefoil and a stag salient counterchanged, was returned for marshalling. To create the current submission, the submitter apparently had taken his older drawing and turned them to fit the bend. We shall advise the submitter on the correct drawing of the salient stag.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Drachenfeld, Canton of (Dreiburgen)

Drachenfeld, Canton of (Resub [Laurel] device)

Or, two wyverns combattant vert, in base a tower gules within a laurel wreath vert.

Name:
The name (a resubmission for the "Canton of the Dragons Citadel", returned January 1996) is on Caid's 12 July 1996 LoI.
Device:
This device was previously considered and returned by Laurel in January 1996. No problems with the device were found at that time, however it was returned due to lack of name when the group's original name, "Canton of the Dragon's Citadel" was returned.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Steinsee, Canton of (Dreiburgen)

Tru-vor Hörða-Knút (New name change, Resub [Laurel] device)

Sable, a lion's head cabossed Or.

Name:
This is a name change from the submitter's previous name, "Sigtryggr inn Tryggvi", registered by Laurel 2/96. "Tru-vor" (dated to 860 AD) is found on p. 222 of The Viking Achievement by Foote and Wilson. "Hörðr" and "Knútr", both, are found on [Haraldsson, 1977, p. 12]. Crescent is unaware of double given names or unmarked patronymics in Old Norse. Essentially, what we have is a "John-James" in a language that does not permit it. The submitter does not allow changes, and we cannot do anything reasonable with the name without major surgery sans anesthetic.
Device:

The submitter's previous submission, Sable, a lion's head cabossed between three roundels Or, was returned by Laurel (4/96) for conflict with Miranda Flamekeeper, Sable, a lion's head cabossed between three flames of fire Or. There is only one CD for the change in type of the secondary charges.

The current submission, unfortunately, conflicts with the badge of the Kingdom of Meridies for the Poet Laureate (2/80), Vair ancient, a lion's head cabossed Or orbed and langued gules. There is one CD for the field but nothing else.

NAME RETURNED FOR GRAMMAR
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT.

William of Rouen (Resub [Caid] device)

Per pale argent and Or, a Latin cross crosslet fitchy gules.

Name:
Approved and sent to Laurel 7/96
Device:
We note the arms of Ordre [Papworth and Morant, 1977, p. 617] Per pale argent and Or, over all a cross moline gules, but see no evidence that Ordre is sufficiently important to warrant protection. We also note Giceline de Molay 8/87(SCA) Barry of eight argent and sable, a cross moline fitchy gules; we consider the difference in crosses sufficient for the second CD.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL


Dun Or, Barony of

Colm Kile of Lochalsh (New badge)

Per bend sinister sable and azure, two bendlets sinister Or overall a cloud argent.

Name:
Registered by Laurel 11/93
Badge:
No conflicts found.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Eógan Cú Chaille (Resub [Caid] badge for alternate persona name Snorri Karlsson)

(Fieldless) on a shamrock vert, a mullet of four greater and four lesser points Or.

Name:
Primary name registered by Laurel 9/93. Alternate persona name registered by Laurel 10/95.
Badge:
No conflicts found.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Gyldenholt, Barony of

Cáelán MacGraith (New name, New device)

Quarterly vert and sable, four crescents argent.

Name:

" Cáelán" is the name "bourne by two saints" according to [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, p. 40] under this spelling.

"MacGraith" is found under "MacGrath" on [MacLysaght, 1985, p. 135]. The submitter originally used "MacGrath", but this is (according to MacLysaght) the Anglicized form, so we have corrected this to match the older spelling of the given name.

Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Leonora Morgana (New badge)

(Fieldless) a Celtic cross argent, overall a garden rose bendwise gules, slipped and leaved vert.

Name:
Registered by Laurel, Jan. 1985
Badge:

We have blazoned her device using 'a garden rose' since she has based her drawing on her device, Per chevron inverted azure goutty d'eau and argent, a Celtic cross argent and two garden roses in saltire gules, slipped and leaved vert (registered by Laurel in Jan. 1985). To preserve continuity between her device and badge, we invoke the 'grandfather' clause to allow this badge to be registered as drawn rather than changed to a heraldic rose.

We note (Fieldless) A Latin cross fluery argent, charged with a rose gules, barbed verb and seeded argent (SCA- Gwyneth Greenecliffe, May 1992); here the second CD is also from the type of cross.

We consider this submission to be clear of Laurel's recent rulings on overall charges obscuring crucial parts of the underlying charges. Specifically, we consider the rose to be thin enough that it does not cover the Celtic cross to the point of making the cross unidentifiable.

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Heatherwyne, Shire of

Demetrius Gordianus Analindal (Resub [Caid] device)

Per chevron gules and sable, a chevron between two crescents and a talbot's head erased argent.

Name:
"Demetrius Gordianus Analindal" was registered in July 1989.
Device:
We believe this is clear of Rhiannon of Lost Withiel 2/94 (SCA) Per chevron azure and vert, a chevron between two crescents and a cross of ermine spots argent (1 CD for changing the tincture of the field, 1 CD for changing half of the group of charges, from cross to head).

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Isles, Shire of

Arianrod of Isles (New name, New device)

Gules, a cockatrice statant argent.

Name:

"Arianrhod", a variant of the submitted name is found in [Bartrum, 1966, pp. 25-26], according to the index (Crescent admits to inability to locate the referenced entry). Although, we did not find the submitter's exact desired spelling, we feel her spelling is a reasonable form.

The name "Isles" is found on [Bardsley, 1988, p. 421] dated to 1273. We should also note that the submitter is from the Shire of the Isles (Santa Barbara, CA).

Device:
This conflicts with the arms of Karina of the Far West (SCA 11/87) Azure, a wyvern statant argent. There is a CD for the tincture of the field, but nothing between a cockatrice and a wyvern.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT.

Isabel de Triana (New device)

Argent, a bend between two frogs salient to sinister vert.

Name:
Registered by Laurel, Apr. 1995
Device:
Her submission is in conflict with Argent, a bend between a flame and lymphad under sail vert (SCA-Aidan Morgana Evans, Sept. 1983). There is only one CD for change in secondaries.

DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT.

John of Brinton (New name, New device)

Per bend Or and sable, a dragon passant guardant gules and a castle argent.

Name:
"John" is found in [Withycombe, 1977, p. 178]. "Brinton" is found in [Ekwall, 1960, p. 66] dated to 1197 in that spelling and also in [Bardsley, 1988, p. 135] dated to 1273 as "local. 'of Brinton', a parish in co. Norfolk near Holt."
Device:
No conflict found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Seth Flynn MacDougal (New name, New device)

Azure, a ship argent and a chief ermine.

Name:

"Seth" is noted under this spelling on [Withycombe, 1977, p. 266] as having "[o]nly one pre-reformation example of its use as a christian name...: "Seth" Denwall (fl. 1495-1525)", with a second example given in the 16th century.

"Flynn" is the name of "leading men under the royal O'Connors" according to [MacLysaght, 1985, p. 112] under "(O) Flynn".

"MacDougal" is described under this spelling on [Black, 1946, p. 487] as "one of the most unobtrusive and honoured families in Scotland" (quoting the late Dr. Alexander Carmichael).

All three forms are Anglicized, which appears to remove the usual multiple name issue with Gaelic names.

Device:

This submission conflicts with Gules, a drakkar sailing to sinister argent and a chief ermine (SCA-Oddr Sygnski, July, 1993); also there are multiple conflicts with entries in Papworth though we did not check for potential additional Modest Proposal important conflicts.

By default both the lymphad and drakkar appear to be oared; this does not appear to be heraldically significant and we have elected not to blazon the lack. The submitter may, however, wish to consider the more usual form.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT.

Katayama Chikara (New name, New device)

Sable, a Japanese helm argent.

Name:
"Katayama" is a family name meaning "genius". It is found on [Ó Neill, 1972, p. 237]. "Chikara" is a personal name found on [Ó Neill, 1972, p. 198].
Device:
This is a depiction of the traditional style of the old world origami form of the helm. We have found general Japanese motifs that are depictions of various origami shapes. This is being returned for conflict against the arms of Kennedy (Modest Proposal, 12/94), Sable, three tilting helms argent. There is a CD for the number of the primary charge but nothing else. We also would like to note the arms of Bostock from Papsworth, Sable, a helm argent, but we note that these arms are not protected under the Modest Proposal.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.
DEVICE RETURNED FOR CONFLICT.


Naevehjem, Barony of

Séamus Caomhánach (New name)

Name:
"Séamus" is found on [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, p. 163]. It is also found on [Woulfe, 1967, pg. 200]. "Caomhánach" is found on [MacLysaght, 1985, p. 170] under the heading "Kavanagh".

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Nordwache, Barony of

Charles Wellingham (Resub [Caid] device)

Per pale dancetty argent and azure, a Latin cross bottony and a lightning bolt bendwise sinister counterchanged.

Name:
Registered by Laurel July, 1996
Device:
The submitter's previous submission was returned by kingdom (7/96) for redraw of the lightningbolt. It appears that he has fixed all the problems. We find no conflicts.

DEVICE RESUBMISSION APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Clota ni Ghabhann (name change)

Name:

Name and device registered Laurel 5/95. The name was originally registered by Laurel as Clota Nic Ghabhann. At that time Laurel commented - following a discussion of why the name was being changed from the submitted "Clota Dubh Easa nicGabhann:"

(If it's important to her, you might let her know that the feminine equivalent of "Ó Gabhann" is "Ní Ghabann"; "Níc Ghabann" is 'daughter of "Mac Gabhann")".

The submitter wishes to change the registered form to "Clota ni Ghabhann", closer fitting her wishes to be "daughter of " rather than "granddaughter of ".

It is our understanding that the particle "Ní" appears both as Laurel spelled it and as the submitter spelled it ("ni"); we are therefore accepting the form she prefers.

Administratively, this submission falls into a grey area; it is in a sense a change to a registered name and in another sense a "free upgrade" based on the changes and suggestions made by Laurel. The CoA's policies on this kind of "free upgrade" are still evolving; we have elected to treat it as an upgrade rather than a new submission.

NAME CHANGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Giuliana Margherita Bonaccolsi (New name, New device)

Per chevron throughout azure and Or, a domestic cat sejant contourney sable.

Name:

Submitted as "Giuliana Margherita Bonacolsi".

"Giuliàna" is found under "Giuliàno" on [De Felice, 1986, p. 195]. We are omitting the accent added by De Felice (and retaining the submitter's form) based on our understanding that De Felice is adding pronounciation hints rather than reference spellings.

"Margherita" can be found on [Caidan College of Heralds, 1989, p. 105] "Feminine Given Names From the Italian Renaissance" by Anebairn MacPharlane of Arochar. "Margherita" is also found as a header in this spelling on [De Felice, 1986, p.250] dated to 1297 (Sante Margherita da Cortona).

"Bonaccolsi" is found on p. 261 as the surname of Passerino Bonaccolsi Lord of Mantua, in Lords of Italy: Portraits from the Middle Ages by Orville Prescott (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), which was provided on photocopy from the submitter. We have added the second "c" found in the submitter's documentation.

Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Kilian Bruce (New name, New device)

Per pale sable and argent, in pale a Latin cross and a pair of scimitars crossed in saltire counterchanged.

Name:

"Kilian" is the Anglicized form of "Cilléne" according to [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, pg. 52].

"Bruce" is found under this spelling on [Black, 1946, pp. 108 9], though we cannot find a period date for this specific spelling. The oldest in Black is for the "Swedish family...ennobled in 1668...probably descended from Robert Bruce of Lynmylne."

There is an SCA person: Kilian Brock, Dec. 1990. We consider this submission clear phonetically.

Device:
We must return his submission for lack of submitter's signature on the form.

NAME APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.
DEVICE RETURNED FOR LACK OF SIGNATURE.

Móirín Ciardubháin ni Bardon (Resub [Caid] name, Resub [Caid] device)

Per chevron sable and vert, three spiral hunting horns reversed argent.

Name:

Her previous submission of Aug. 1994, "Moira Ciardubháin ni Bardán", was returned for lack of documentation.

"Móirín" is found under this spelling on [Woulfe, 1967, p. 213].

"Ciardubháin" is found under "(O) Kirwan" on [MacLysaght, 1985, p. 185] in the apparently aspirated form "Ó Ciardhubhaín". We believe that it is used here as an epithet meaning 'black-haired', and we cite Talan Gwynek's "Tips on Names: a Guide for Submissions Heralds" ([Amberdrake, 1996, p. 46], in which he states: "it is possible to have a name of the form [forename] [byname] [patronymic] if the byname is a simple descriptive element, like "cáel" 'slender'." As examples of this form, please see [Ó Corráin and Maguire, 1981, p. 162]: under "Scandlán" there is "Scandlán Mór mac Cind Faelad" ("mór" meaning 'big') and under "Láegaire" (p. 120) there is "Láegaire Bern Buadach" ("bern" meaning 'blind').

"ni" is a feminine patronymic construction meaning 'daughter of.'

"Bardon" is found under "(O) Bardon" on [MacLysaght, 1985, p. 12]. The name (although not neccessarily this form) is dated to 1659.

Device:
Her previous, identical submission of Aug. 1994 was returned for lack of name. We find no conflicts.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Oriana Nicola Courtenay (New device)

Per pale argent and purpure, a sun and a chief embattled counterchanged.

Name:
Registered with Laurel in Ansteorra, Dec. 1993
Device:
No conflicts found.

DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


Wintermist, Shire of

Franbald atte Loncastre (New name, New device)

Argent masoned sable, a lozenge voided gules between four crescents in saltire, horns to centre, sable.

Name:
"Franbald" is found in [Searle, 1969, p. 245]. "Loncastre" is found under the header "Lancaster" in James B. Johnston, The Place-names of England and Wales, John Murray, London, 1915, p. 335 dated to 1198 meaning 'Camp on the R. Lune'. This placename is also found (under the headers "Lancashire" sub "Lancaster") in [Ekwall, 1960, p. 285] with the spelling "Loncastre" dated to the Domesday Book (1086) meaning 'Roman fort on R Lune'.
Device:
No conflicts found.

NAME AND DEVICE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Irina Dmitrova (New name, New device)

Or, on a lozenge throughout rayonny Or fimbriated, a phoenix sable rising from flames, between in chief two fireballs gules.

Name:

"Irina" is from [Paul Wickenden of Thanet, 1996, p. 86] meaning "peace" and dated to 866 AD.

"Dmitrova" is a feminine patronymic constructed from "Dmitrov" ([Paul Wickenden of Thanet, 1996, p. 49]), a diminutive of "Dmitrii", following the period rules from p. xviii. We note ironically that what Wickenden implies as the more modern feminine patronymic construction (see p. xix) is given as "Dmitrovna" on p. 49 (dated to 1122). It happens that the submitter has written the name as "Dmitrovna" on her device forms, but we are submitting it as she spelled it on her name form, constructed as the period form of the patronymic, although only the spelling "Dmitrovna" is directly documented by Wickenden.

Device:
This device is unblazonable, the best we can come up with is Or, on a lozenge throughout rayonny Or fimbriated, a phoenix sable rising from flames, between in chief two fireballs gules.

NAME APPROVED AS CORRECTED AND SENT TO LAUREL.
DEVICE RETURNED FOR STYLE.

Madawc Seamus Caradawg (New badge)

Vert, three straight trumpets in pale fesswise Or.

Name:
Registered by Laurel August, 1989
Badge:
No conflicts found

BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.

Harald Slayname (New alternate persona name, New badge for Madawc Seamus Caradawg)

Vert, a straight trumpet fracted in chevron Or.

Name:
This is an alternate persona name for Madawc Seumus Caradawg. The submitter's name was registered by Laurel in 8/89. "Harald" is found on [Withycombe, 1977, p. 146]. Originally submitted as "Harald Nameslayer", the College was unable to find any epithet construction that was "noun-verb". We have changed the byname to match the grammar.
Badge:
The submitter may wish to draw the separation of the horn farther apart. No conflicts found.

ALTERNATE PERSONA NAME AND BADGE APPROVED AND SENT TO LAUREL.


In Service to Caid

Eiríkr Mjoksiglandi Sigurðarson
Crescent Principal Herald


References

Amberdrake, E., editor (1996). Proceedings of the Caidan Kingdom Scribal and Heraldic Symposium, volume II: Heralds. Caidan College of Heralds.

Bardsley, C. W. (1988). A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. Heraldry Today, Parliment Piece, Ramsbury, Wiltshire. Originally published London, 1901.

Bartrum, P. C. (1966). Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts. University of Wales Press, Cardiff.

Black, G. F. (1946). The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning, and History. New York Public Library, New York, 1989 reprint edition.

Caidan College of Heralds (1989). Proceedings of the Caidan Heraldic Symposium and Scribe's Conclave, volume Herald's Proceedings. Society for Creative AnachronismCollege of Arms.

De Felice, E. (1986). Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore S.p.A., Milan.

Draconarius of Mistholme, B. and Akagawa Yoshio (1992). A pictorial dictionary of heraldry as used in the Society for Creative Anachronism. Privately published.

Ekwall, E. (1960). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. Oxford/Clarendon, Oxford, fourth edition.

Farmer, D. H. (1987). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2nd edition.

Hall, J. R. C. (1960). A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 4th, reprinted by Cambridge University Press (1993) edition. Library of James of the Lake.

Haraldsson, G. B. (1977). The Old Norse Name. Yggssalr Press, Olney, Maryland.

ibn Auda, D. (1995). Rules for Submissions of the College of Arms of the Society for Creative Anachronism. Society for Creative Anachronism, Milpitas, California. With updates as published in Laurel Letters.

Iulstan Sigewealding (Stephen R. Goldschmidt), editor (1995). An Ordinary of Arms of the Society for Creative Anachronism. Free Trumpet Press, 877 San Lucas Avenue, Mountain View, California, fifth edition. With semi-annual updates and an electronic edition.

MacLysaght, E. (1985). The Surnames of Ireland. Irish Academic Press, Dublin, sixth edition.

Ó Corráin, D. and Maguire, F. (1981). Gaelic Personal Names. The Academy Press, Dublin.

Ó Neill, P. G. (1972). Japanese Names: A Comprehensive Index by Characters and Readings. Weatherhill, New York, 1st ed., 3rd printing (1993) edition. Library of James of the Lake.

Papworth, J. W. and Morant, A. W. (1977). An Alphabetical Dictionary of Coats of Arms belonging to Families in Great Britain and Ireland; Forming an Extensive Ordinary of British Armorials. Five Barrows, Bath. Reproduced from the 1874 edition originally published by T. Richards of London.

Paul Wickenden of Thanet (1996). A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (and some of their Slavic roots). S.C.A. Inc. - Free Trumpet Press West, Mountain View, California, 2nd edition. Library of James of the Lake.

Pollock, S. (1940). Spanish and Mexican Given Names. Committee for Social Research, Los Angeles.

Reaney, P. H. (1967). The Origins of English Surnames. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Searle, W. G. (1969). Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum. Georg Olms, Hildesheim. Facsimile edition from an original in the Niedersächsischen Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen, originally published Cambridge University Press, 1897.

Seltzer, L. E., editor (1952). The Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World. Columbia University Press, Morningside Heights, New York.

Withycombe, E. G. (1977). The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Oxford University Press, Oxford, third edition. reprinted 1982.

Woulfe, P. (1967). Sloinnte Gaedeal ir Gall: Irish Names and Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland.


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